In line with our expectation, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the CBN voted unanimously to retain the benchmark Monetary Policy Rate (MPR) at 11.5%, the asymmetric corridor around the MPR at +100bps/- 700bps, Cash Reserve Requirement (CRR) at 27.5%, and liquidity ratio at 30.0%.
The global economy enters 2022 in a weaker position than previously expected. As the new Omicron COVID-19 variant spreads, countries have reimposed mobility restrictions. Rising energy prices and supply disruptions have resulted in higher and more broad-based inflation than anticipated, notably in the United States and many emerging market and developing economies.
The global oil prices hit 7-year highs last week as Brent crude futures briefly touched US$89 per barrel. In contrast, US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures hovered around US$85 per barrel on the expectation of supply disruption following a series of fatal attacks in the Middle East and geopolitical tension in Eastern Europe.