How Nigeria Will Cut Down Carbon Emissions to Reach Net-Zero By 2060?


Sunday, January 09, 2022 / 07:00AM /Sponsored post by Bishal Biswas/ Header Image Credit: The Borgen Project



In the recently conducted COP26 summit in Glasgow, Muhammadu Buhari, Nigeria President pledged that the country will cut down the carbon emissions and will reach net-zero by 2060. On the other hand, countries like the United States, UK and European Union have vowed to reach the same target by 2050. Other countries that have set the same deadline as Nigeria are Saudi Arabia and Russia. The target is already lagging behind by ten years. The challenge to reach the net-zero goal is to set the United Nation to fight global warming. 


Explaining the importance of fighting against climate change, President Buhari explained that Nigeria is already facing the impact of climate change and the same is visible through the desertification that is taking place in the north, flood in the centre and the coast is facing pollution and erosion. It is important for everyone to fight against climate change, including the government, companies and individuals. Individuals and companies can contribute to the fight against climate change through small steps like switching to PDFs instead of printing things in the paper. PDFs can be used by students, teachers, and businesses for preventing deforestation. One might think that PDF can be difficult to work with but that is not the case. PDF files are easily editable and further, whenever required a conversion from PDF to Word can be done and further, a conversion from Word to PDF is possible. Further, one should consciously choose sustainable products as they are environment-friendly and are safe for the environment in the long run. 


How Nigeria Is Planning To Reach Net-Zero by 2060?

Nigeria is a gas-producing country more than an oil-producing country. Therefore, Nigerian leaders requested finances for the projects to help in the gas industry as the gas can be used for working with other renewable energy like sun and wind. This is required because it can be used for launching long-term renewable energy infrastructure and further, investment was requested to have a sustainable energy supply. However, it needs to be noted that this transition in the energy sector will also have an impact on the economic transition in the country too. 


A plan and roadmap to reach the net-zero by 2060 is already in place by Nigeria and the same is confirmed by the Nigerian president. According to the plan, gas will play a key role in helping the country to reach the net-zero goal by 2060 and in addition to that, it will also lead to economic transition across many sectors. Gas will play a key role in meeting the challenge of clean energy in Nigeria. Further, the country will incorporate 7GW additional renewable capacity to reach net-zero by 2060. 


Buhari also said that Nigeria is already working towards an environment-friendly commitment and the same is visible through the various works done by the government that includes the objective of using solar energy for electrifying 5 million households and 25 million people will benefit from it. This will help Nigeria to fight against the energy access deficit by 2030. 


Further, the budget of Nigeria will now include climate change projects. The budget which is submitted to the state for 2022 to the National Assembly includes a budget for climate change and gender equality. 


However, Nigeria will be requiring financial assistance to meet the ambitious project for fighting against climate change for capacity building and technology transfer. Buhari while commenting on the same that Nigeria is looking for partners for assistance in finance, technology and innovation. Nigeria currently needs $400 billion for electricity generation in the country which also includes transmission and distribution. 


The COP26 was finally ended by Buhari with the speech that stated that the outcome of the conference will provide a quick resolution to the issues that existed in the Paris Agreement rulebook. Further, Nigeria is planning to restore 100 million hectares of degraded landscape to increase agricultural productivity. The global green transition is welcomed by other countries. Nigeria will also work towards nature-based solutions, vulnerability assessment, gender, clean cooking and green job assessment by 2030. The ambitious speech by the president was strong but the same level of commitment will be required to reach the goal and while stating the same, Edwin Ikhuoria, ONE Campaigns' Africa Executive Director said that there will be a requirement to shift from the present development model of the country.  

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