7.50m Passengers Passed Through Nigerian Airports in H1 2018

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Friday, September 07, 2018 / 06:00 PM / NBS    

Air Transportation

Overview

The first two quarters of 2018 saw mixed performance in the various items that make up airport transportation in Nigeria. The total number of passengers who passed through Nigerian airports reached 3,845,853 in the first quarter of 2018 - a 33.51% year-on-year growth from the same quarter of 2017; and 3,657,555 in the second quarter of 2018 - a smaller year-on-year growth of 15.24% from the same quarter in 2017.  Consequently, there was 4.9% decline in passengers for Q2 2018 when compared to the preceding quarter. Total aircraft traffic declined year-on-year for both Q1 (1.48%) & Q2 (10.17%) when compared to the corresponding quarter in 2017.  In the first half of 2018, aircraft traffic totaled 96,659, a 5.9% decline from total aircrafts recorded in the same period last year.  A significant year-on-year decline in air cargo traffic via Lagos for both Q1 2018 (49.8%) and Q2 2018 (65.4%), led to an overall year on year decline of 37.8% for the first half of the year.  However, a growth of 25.6% was recorded between Q2 2018 (28,920,555 aircrafts) and the preceding quarter.  Similarly, there was a 34.2% increase in total mail traffic recorded in the first half of 2018 when compared to the same period last year. 

 

Total Passenger Traffic

In total, 7,503,408 passengers passed through Nigerian airports in the first half of 2018, this is a 23.9% growth from the 6,054,319 passengers recorded in the first half of 2017.  This significant growth in both the first and second quarters of 2018 was mainly driven by the increased passenger traffic through Abuja airports, compared with the same period in 2017 when the Abuja airport was closed during the period for runway improvements.  There was also a boost in passenger traffic in March 2018 when total air passenger was recorded at 1,721,224 (797,608 arrivals and 923,616 departures), a 62% jump from the average passenger traffic from the previous two months (January & February 2018).

 

The total number of air passengers declined in the second quarter of 2018 from the first quarter by 4.90%, standing at 3,657,555. Nevertheless, the recorded total passenger in Q2 indicates a robust year-on-year growth (of 15.24%) from the same quarter in the last year.

 

Of the 7,503,408 total passengers (arrival and departures) recorded in the first half of 2018, which 27.59% (5,433,145 passengers) traversed through the nation’s international airports and 72.41% (2,070,263) through the various domestic airports.  Lagos and Abuja’s international and domestic airports accounted for 73.4% of total air traffic passengers in Q2 2018, a decline in their combined market share in Q1 2018 (77.9%) but an increase in combined market share over the same period last year (Q2 2017). 

 

Figure 1. Domestic and International Air Passengers from 2017 Q1- 2018 Q2

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Domestic and International Passengers

In the first quarter of 2018, 2,779,455 passengers traveled through domestic airports (72.3% of total travel), and 1,066,398 through the international airports (27.7% of total travel), representing a growth of 4.99% and 5.30% respectively compared to the previous quarter (Q4 2017). Similarly, in the second quarter of 2018, 2,653,690 passengers traveled through domestic airports (72.6% of total travel), and 1,003,865 through the international airports (27.4% of total travel), representing a decline of 4.52% and 5.86% respectively, compared to Q1 2018.  This underpins the slower growth in passenger traffic in the first half of the year when compared with the second half of the previous year, but the robust growth in domestic passenger travel (27.4%) and international passenger travel (15.7%) when compared with the same period last year.

 

Figure 2. Percentages of Domestic and International Passenger from 2017 Q3- 2018 Q2

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Arrivals and Departures

The first quarter of 2018 saw departures, recorded at 1,969,883, grow by 9.74% from departures recorded in Q4 2017 at 1,795,095, and by 34.98% compared to the same quarter in 2017. This figure dropped to 1,837,002 in Q2 2018, a 6.75% decline from the previous quarter (Q1 2018), but a robust growth of 14.76% from the same quarter last year (Q2 2017). 

 

The number of passengers at arrival has remained relatively stable since 2017 Q3. The first two quarters of 2018 recorded 1,875,970 and 1,820,553 air passengers arriving at Nigerian airports respectively. Although the number of passengers at arrival declined in Q2 2018 from Q1 2018 by 2.95%, both the reviewing quarters saw significant year-on-year growth from the corresponding quarters in 2017 (32.01% and 15.73% respectively). 

 

Figure 4. Trends of Passenger Arrivals and Departures 2017 Q1- 2018 Q2

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Air Traffic by Airport

The top five airports in Nigeria in terms of the number of passengers who passed through in the first half of 2018 were Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Kano, and Owerri. These five airports served over 89.39% of total passengers (6,707,195 in number) in the first two quarters of 2018. 

Lagos Murtala Muhammed International Airport remained the busiest airport in Nigeria for both international and domestic travelers, and it served 3,527,851 passengers (or 48.71% of total air passengers) in the first half of the year (1,972,997 in Q1 and 1,564,854 in Q2). Among the over 3.5 million air passengers who passed through Lagos airport in the first half of 2018, 41.8% or 1,478,738 were international passengers, and 58.2% or 2,059,113 were domestic passengers.  In the first quarter of 2018, domestic air passengers who passed through Lagos airport (1,174,943) reached the highest point since the beginning of 2017, and this number declined to 884,170 in the second quarter a decline of 24.75%, although this figure still represented a 2.89% growth from the same period in 2017 (Q2). 

Abuja Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, the second largest airport in Nigeria, served 2,140,452 (29.5% of total air passengers) in the first half of 2018 (1,021,906 in Q1 2018, and 1,118,546 in Q2 2018).  During this period (HY 2018), 80% of the passengers who travelled through the Abuja airport were domestic passengers, while 20% were travelling internationally.   

Port Harcourt, Kano, and Owerri airports which recorded 520,930 (7.2%), 261,355 (3.6%), and 246,607 (3.4%) in the first two quarters of 2018 round up the top airports for passenger traffic during the first half of 2018. 

Figure 5. Numbers of Domestic and International Passenger at Top 10 Airport 2018 Q1& Q2

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Figure 6.  Numbers of Domestic and International Passenger at Top 10 Airport 2017 Q1- 2018 Q2

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 Aircraft Movement

Overview

While the total number of air passengers traveling through Nigerian airports recorded an aggregate increase in the first two quarters of 2018, the total number of aircraft movements declined within the same periods by an aggregate of 5.9%.   Air craft movement recorded in the Q1 2018 (49,497) declined by 13.89% on a quarter-on-quarter basis and by 1.48% on a year-on-year basis. Among the 49,497 aircraft movement in Q1, 83.31% were flying on domestic routes, and 16.69% were flying international routes. The decline in aircraft movement and increase in numbers of air passengers highlight improvements in efficiency within the air transportation sector.

 

The declining trend in aircraft movement continued in the second quarter of 2018, with the total number of aircraft movement being recorded at 47,162. This was a further decline of 4.72% from Q1 this year and of 10.17% from the same quarter last year. Notably, aircraft movement continued to decline in the second quarter even as the number of air passengers grew within the period when compared to the same period last year (Q2 2017), indicating sustained improvements in efficiency through the first half of 2018.

 

Figure 7. Domestic and International Aircraft Movement 2017 Q1- 2018 Q2

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Aircraft Movement by Airport

Abuja airport recorded the highest number of aircraft traffic in the first half of 2018 (32,011), slightly higher than the Lagos airport which recorded aircraft traffic of 31,037.  In Q1 2018, aircraft movement at Abuja airport (16,402) exceeded that of aircraft movement in Lagos (15,866), and it maintained the marginal dominance over Lagos airport in the second quarter of 2018 (15,609 at Abuja compared with 15,171 at Lagos). This increase in the dominance of Abuja airport for aircraft movement contrasts with the sharp decline in aircraft movement recorded at Lagos airports in the first two quarters of the year. Although Lagos recorded a substantial growth in a total number of air passengers in Q1 2018, the number of aircrafts dropped to 15,866 in the same period, a 30.84% decline from the 22,939 aircrafts recorded in the previous quarter (Q4 2017). 

 

Figure 8. Aircraft Traffic at Top 10 Airport 2018 Q1 & Q2


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Cargo Movement 

Overview

The first two quarters of 2018 recorded a total of 23,023,291 KG and 28,920,555 KG cargo movement respectively through Nigerian airports, an aggregate 37.8% decline from the same quarters last year (HY 2017).  The first quarter in 2018 continued the decreasing trend of cargo movement from previous quarters, as the total cargo movement within the quarter declined by 31.12% on a quarter-on-quarter basis, and by 44.47% compared to the same period last year (Q1 2017).  In Q2 2018, the weight of cargo movement recovered and increased by 25.61% on a quarter-on-quarter basis, but still declined by 31.21% when compared to the same period last year (Q2 2017). 

In the first quarter of 2018, unloaded cargo accounted for 36.41% of all cargo recorded, while loaded cargo accounted for 63% of all cargo.  In contrast, unloaded cargo accounted for 51.52% of total cargo accounted for in the second quarter of 2018, while loaded cargo for the same quarter stood at 48.48% of total cargo.  This represented a 77.7% increase in unloaded cargo weight recorded in Q2 2018 (14,639,528 KG) from the figure recorded in Q1 2018 (8,383,763 KG).

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Cargo Movement by Airport

Lagos remained the commercial hub in Nigeria and it recorded the most substantial volume of cargo movement in Q1 2018. The amount of cargo moved through the Lagos airports in the first quarter recorded 18,790,451 KG, among which 69.90% (13,135,382 KG) were loaded, and 30.10% (5,655,070 KG) were unloaded. In this same quarter (Q1 2018), Lagos accounted for 90.31% of the total cargo traffic by air. The rest of the cargo traffic was through Kano, Abuja and Port Harcourt, which recorded 2,870,473 KG, 827,688 KG, and 534,678 KG respectively. 

In the second quarter, Lagos recorded 12,931,861 KG cargo traffic, followed by Port Harcourt which recorded 10,746,587 KG cargo movement in the same quarter – a significant growth from the 534,678 KGs recorded in the previous quarter.   Kano rounded the top 3 airports for cargo movement in Q2 2018, with a recorded 3,532,335 KGs total cargo moved within the period.  Notably, Enugu airport recorded no cargo traffic in the first half of 2018. 

Figure 9. Loading and Unloading Cargo Traffic by Airport 2017 Q1- 2018 Q2

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Mail Movement

Total mail traffic for the first half of 2018 increased from 14,779,558 KG in HY 2017, to 19,831,650 KG in HY 2018, a 34.2% growth between the stated periods.  Total mail for Q1 2018 was recorded at 8,313,112 KG and grew by 38.56% to 11,518,538 KG in Q2 2018. 

The international airport in Lagos remained the most prominent airport for mail movement in the two reviewing quarters.  The weight of mail moved through Lagos totaled 8,308,639 KG (7,446,305 KG loaded, and 862,334 KG unloaded) in Q1 2018, a decline 34.14% from the fourth quarter in 2017. Both loaded and unloaded mail movement through Lagos airport grew in the second quarter of 2018 with a reported 11,501,367 KG mail movement, a robust 38.43% growth from the previous quarter.  Lagos accounted for 94.9% of total mail traffic in the first quarter of 2018, and 99.9% of total mail traffic in the second quarter.  

Mail movement through Abuja International Airport stood at 4,473 KG and 17,171 KG in the first two quarters of 2018 respectively, which were much less than the 326,643 KG and 270,993 KG recorded in the same quarters the previous year (Q1 and Q2 2017 respectively).   

Figure 10. Loading and Unloading Mail Traffic by Airport 2017 Q1- 2018 Q2

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Click Here to Download Q2 2018 Air Transport Data PDF Report

Latest 2018 NBS Reports

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Q3 2018

1.       Merchandise Trade Declines in Q2 2018: -8.89% Contraction from Q1 2018 Trade Figure

2.      Average of 81,561MWh of Energy Generated Daily in Q2 2018 - NBS

3.      8.13m Workers Are Registered Under The Pension Scheme As At Q2 2018 - NBS

4.      2608 Road Traffic Crashes Occurred in Q2 2018 - NBS

5.      Nigeria’s GDP Grew by 1.50% YoY in Real Terms in Q2 2018

6.      165.71mln Litres of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Imported into Nigeria in Q2 2018

7.      Total Value of Capital Importation into Nigeria Stood at $5,513.55m in Q2 2018 - NBS

8.     Banking Sector Records 509.67m Volume of Transactions in Q2 2018 - NBS

9.      Average Fare Paid by Commuters for Bus Journey Intercity Increased by 0.30% MoM to N1,733.33 in July

10.  Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Decreased by 1.75% MoM to N280.83 in July 2018 - NBS

11.   Headline Inflation Drops to 11.14% in July 2018; 0.09% Lower Than June 2018 Rate

12.  Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – July 2018

13.  FAAC Disburses N821.86bn in July 2018 – NBS

14.  FAAC Disburses N668.90bn in June 2018 – NBS

15.   4.79bn Litres of PMS Imported into Nigeria in Q2 2018 - NBS

16.  6,999 Products Were Presented for Registration Approval in 2017 - NBS

17.   Nigeria Produced 45.74m Tons of Solid Minerals in 2017 - NBS

18.  147,823 Domestic Passengers Moved by 41 Private Jet Operators in 2017 - NBS

19.  Average of 92,747MWh of Energy Generated Daily in Q1 2018

20. GDP By Income and Expenditure Approach 2017 - Household Final Consumption Fell by -0.99% in 2017

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Q2 2018

21.  Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Increased MoM by 4.93% to N305.70 - NBS

22. Average Intracity Transport Fare Increased MoM by 1.53% to N168.90 - NBS

23. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – June 2018

24. Headline Inflation Drops to 11.23% in June 2018; 0.37% Lower Than May 2018 Rate

25.  134,663 Crime Cases Were Reported in 2017 - NBS

26. FAAC Disburses N701.02bn in May 2018 - NBS

27.  Average Prices of 1kg of Tomato Increased MoM by 6.10% to N307.14 in May 2018 - NBS

28. Average Water Transport Fare Increased By 0.57% MoM in May 2018 - NBS

29. Headline Inflation Drops to 11.61% in May 2018; 0.87% Lower Than April 2018 Rate

30. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – May 2018

31.  Merchandise Trade in Both Directions Grew Significantly in Q1 2018

32. 7.98m Workers Are Registered Under The Pension Scheme as at Q1 2018 - NBS

33. 5.67bn Litres of PMS Imported in Q1 2018 - NBS

34. FAAC Disburses N638.09bn in April 2018 - NBS

35.  2,482 Road Traffic Crashes Occurred in Q1 2018 - NBS

36. Nigeria’s GDP Grew in Real Terms by 1.95% in Q1 2018

37.  N269.79bn Generated as VAT in Q1 2018 - NBS

38. Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Increased by 8.38% MoM in April 2018 - NBS

39. Average Fare for Bus Journey Within City Increased by 3.88% MoM in April 2018 - NBS

40. Headline Inflation Drops to 12.48% in April 2018; 0.86% Lower Than March 2018 Rate

41.  Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – April 2018

42. Total Value of Capital Imported in Q1 2018 Stood at $6,303.63m - NBS

43. Banking Sector Records 457.23m Volume of Transactions in Q1 2018 - NBS

44. FAAC Disburses N647.39bn in March 2018 –NBS

45.  720,958 Passport Applications Received in 2017 - NBS

46. 309,713kg of Drug Seized in 2017 - NBS

47.  Average Intercity Bus Fare Decreased by -5.63% MoM in March 2018

48. Average Price of Tomato Decreased by -0.58% YoY in March 2018

49. Headline Inflation Drops to 13.34% in March 2018; 0.99% Lower Than February 2018 Rate

50. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – March 2018

51.   Updated 2017 IGR Report – Osun State Grows IGR by 32.04% in FY 2017

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Q1 2018

1.       FAAC Disburses N635.55bn in February 2018 - NBS

2.      Lagos State Has The Highest Domestic and Foreign Debts as at December 2017 - NBS

3.      States Generate N931.23bn as IGR in 2017 - NBS

4.      Average Air Fare Increased by 1.47% MoM in February 2018 - NBS

5.      Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Increased by 7.10% YoY in February 2018 - NBS

6.      Headline Inflation Drops to 14.33% in February 2018; 0.8% Lower Than January 2018 Rate

7.      Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – February 2018

8.     Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Owerri and Kano Airports Served Over 92% of Total Passengers in Q4 2017

9.      4,175 Ocean Going Vessels Recorded at Nigerian Ports in 2017

10.  Total Value of Capital Imported into Nigeria in Q4 2017 Estimated at $5,382.89m - NBS

11.   Nigeria’s GDP Grows in Real Terms by 1.92% in Q4 and 0.83% for Full Year 2017

12.  FAAC Disburses N655.18bn in January 2018 – NBS

13.  N254.10bn Generated as VAT in Q4 2017 – NBS

14.  Total Active Voice Subscription Increased by 3.69% in Q4 2017 – NBS

15.   18.36bn Litres of PMS Distributed State-wide in 2017 – NBS

16.  5.84m Students Enrolled in Junior Secondary Schools in 2016 - NBS

17.   2,489 Road Traffic Crashes Occurred in Q4 2017 - NBS

18.  Average Air Fare Increased by 7.34% YoY in January 2018 - NBS

19.  Headline Inflation Drops to 15.13% in January 2018; 0.24% Lower Than 15.37% December Rate

20. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – January 2018

21.  7.82m Workers Are Registered Under the Pension Scheme as at Q4 2017 - NBS

22. Daily Energy Generation Attained a Peak of 94,627MWh in Q4 2017 - NBS

23. Banking Sector Records 461.98m Volume of Transactions in Q4 2017 - NBS

24. 77.5m Persons Engaged in Some Sort of Economic Activities in Q3 2017 - NBS

25.  Average Fare Paid by Passengers for Water Transport Increased by 6.05% MoM to N631.55 in Dec 2017

26.   Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Decreased by -3.67% YoY to N211.61 in December 2017 - NBS

27.  Headline Inflation Drops to 15.37% in December 2017; 0.53% Lower Than 15.90% November Rate

28.   Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – December 2017

29.  Active Voice Subscribers Dropped by 8.73% in Q3 2017 – NBS

30.  Inequality in Nigeria Worsened Between 2004 and 2013 But Improved in 2016 – NBS

31.   FAAC Disburses N609.96bn in December 2017 – NBS

 

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