Fitch Revises Lagos's Outlook to Negative on Sovereign Rating Action


Tuesday, January 28, 2020 / 10:19 AM / Fitch Ratings / Header Image Credit: Council of Foreign Relations


Fitch Ratings has revised Lagos State's Outlooks to Negative from Stable, while affirming the state's Long-Term Foreign and Local Currency Issuer Default Ratings (IDRs) at 'B+'.


Under EU credit rating agency (CRA) regulation, the publication of International Public Finance reviews is subject to restrictions and must take place according to a published schedule, except where it is necessary for CRAs to deviate from this in order to comply with their legal obligations. Fitch interprets this provision as allowing us to publish a rating review in situations where there is a material change in the creditworthiness of the issuer that we believe makes it inappropriate for us to wait until the next scheduled review date to update the rating or Outlook/Watch status.


Following the recent Outlook revision on Nigeria's Outlooks on its IDRs (see Fitch Revises Outlook on Nigeria to Negative; Affirms at 'B+' dated 19 December 2019 on we have taken similar rating action on Lagos as its ratings are capped by the sovereign and its Outlooks move in tandem with the sovereign's.


The next scheduled review date for Lagos is 27 March 2020.


Related Link: Fitch Revises Outlook on Nigeria to Negative; Affirms at 'B plus'


Key Rating Drivers

The Outlook revision reflects the following key rating drivers:


The Outlook of Lagos reflects that of the Federal Government of Nigeria, while its IDRs are capped by the sovereign's. Lagos's standalone credit profile (SCP) is assessed at 'bb+', reflecting the state's weak risk profile by international standards against Fitch's expectations of sound debt sustainability assessment. Fitch projects that Lagos will report budgetary performance and debt metrics that are commensurate with its current ratings.


The rating drivers of the Long- and Short-Term Foreign-Currency IDRs are unaffected, leading to their affirmation.


We previously reviewed Lagos's IDRs on 29 November 2019. The credit analysis on Lagos State is available at


Key Assumptions

Qualitative assumptions and assessments and their respective weight in the rating decision:

  • Risk Profile: Weaker/low weight

  • Revenue Robustness: Midrange/low weight

  • Revenue Adjustability: Weaker/low weight

  • Expenditure Sustainability: Midrange/low weight

  • Expenditure Adjustability: Midrange/low weight

  • Liabilities and Liquidity Robustness: Weaker/low weight

  • Liabilities and Liquidity Flexibility: Weaker/low weight

  • Debt sustainability: 'aa' category/low weight

  • Support: N/A

  • Asymmetric Risk: N/A

  • Sovereign Cap: Negative / high weight


Fitch's rating case is a "through-the-cycle" scenario, which incorporates a combination of revenue, cost and financial risk stresses. It is based on 2014-2018 figures and 2019-2023 projected ratios.


Quantitative assumptions - sovereign-related (note that no weights are included as none of these assumptions were material to the rating action)


Figures as per Fitch's sovereign actual for 2018 and forecast for 2021, respectively:

  • GDP per capita (US dollar, market exchange rate): 1,820.9 and 2,241

  • Real GDP growth (%):1.9 and 2.5

  • Consumer prices (annual average % change): 12.1 and 12.5

  • General government balance (% of GDP): -4.0 and -4.7

  • General government debt (% of GDP): 24.9 and 30.4

  • Current account balance plus net foreign direct investments (% of GDP): 2.7 and -0.1

  • Net external debt (% of GDP): 0.1 and 0.7

  • IMF Development Classification: EM (emerging market)

  • CDS Market-Implied Rating: N/A


Rating Sensitivities

The IDRs of Lagos are constrained by the sovereign. Any rating action on the sovereign's ratings will be mirrored on Lagos' ratings. 


ESG Considerations

ESG credit relevance is a score of 3. This means ESG issues are credit-neutral or have only a minimal credit impact on the entity, either due to their nature or the way in which they are being managed by the entity. For more information on our ESG Relevance Scores, visit


Committee Minute Summary


Committee date: 9 January 2020 

There was an appropriate quorum at the committee and the members confirmed that they were free from recusal. It was agreed that the data was sufficiently robust relative to its materiality. During the committee no material issues were raised that were not in the original committee package. The main rating factors under the relevant criteria were discussed by the committee members. The rating decision as discussed in this rating action commentary reflects the committee discussion.


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.

Related News

  1. Fitch Revises Outlook on Nigeria to Negative; Affirms at 'B plus'
  2. Lagos State Government Up To N100bn 10-Year Fixed Rate Bond Issuance Now Open
  3. FHC Upholds The Imposition of Consumption Tax in Lagos State
  4. Lagos State Governor Delegates Powers On Land Use Act To Commissioners
  5. Fitch Affirms Nigeria's Lagos State at 'B plus'; Outlook Stable
  6. Lagos State Has The Highest Debt Profile in 2018 - NBS
  7. Global Credit Rating (GCR) Downgrades Lagos State's Environmental Municipality Note
  8. NSE Statement on the Lagos State Government's N4.85bn,15.75% Series 1, Tranche B, Environmental Note
  9. Lagos State's Municipality Note Default: Understanding The Issues, Implications and Lessons
  10. Lagos State Government Defaults On Municipality Note Issue; Investors Fret Over Yields
  11. Fitch Affirms Lagos State at 'B' Plus; Outlook Stable
  12. Lagos State Accounts for 34.17% of Foreign Debt As At June 2018 - NBS

Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.

Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.
Related News