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CBN Issues Statements of Payment Finality for the Nigerian Payments Schemes

Proshare

Tuesday, July 25,  2017 3:15PM/CBN

In line with the overall objective of the Nigerian Payments System Vision 2020 (PSV2020) project aimed at creating an electronic payments infrastructure that is nationally utilized and internationally recognized, the Central Bank of Nigeria hereby issue the statements of payment finality for the four payment schemes (RTGS, Card, Mobile and ACH, Cheque & Instant Payments) in Nigeria.

This defines the specific point at which payments are deemed to be final and irrevocable and to ensure that no payment system would invoke the principle of “unwind”.


General note

a.     
The definition for Payment Finality for each payment scheme is without prejudice to the dispute resolution mechanism, in accordance with the rules and regulations governing the respective schemes.

b.     
The statements and operational implications will be incorporated into the respective scheme’s rules.


 
1.      RTGS PAYMENTS SCHEME

VARIOUS TYPES OF TRANSFER

POINT OF PAYMENT FINALITY

Inter-Bank Funds Transfer

At the point when the sending bank’s account is debited and the receiving bank’s account is credited, payment/settlement is final and cannot be revoked.

Third-Party (Customer) Funds Transfer

At the point when the sending bank’s account is debited and the receiving bank’s account is credited, payment/settlement is final and cannot be revoked.

Net Settlement

At the point when debited/credited, payment/settlement is final and cannot be revoked.

Settlement & Payment Finality happen at the same time on the RTGS System 

2.     MOBILE PAYMENTS SCHEME

TRANSACTION WITHIN THE MOBILE PAYMENTS SCHEME

POINT OF PAYMENT FINALITY

Mobile Money Operator (MMO) to MMO/Bank Transactions

This is at the point when the switch successfully transmits the authorization message from the sending MMO to the beneficiary MMO/ Bank.

International Remittance to MMO

Payment is FINAL, when the MMO system credits the customer’s wallet

Over the Counter/Walk-in Transactions

When NIBSS confirms and processes the transaction and sends notifiations to both the sending and beneficiary MMOs.

Online Payments

A confirmation message from the Switch to the beneficiary bank confers finality of transactions.

On the Mobile Payments Scheme, once payment is confirmed, settlement must be guaranteed.
 

3.     ACH, CHEQUE & INSTANT PAYMENTS SCHEME

VARIOUS TYPES OF TRANSACTIONS

POINT OF PAYMENT Finality Evidence

POINT OF PAYMENT FINALITY

CHEQUE AND ACH DEBIT

Payment finality occurs at 10pm on day T+1 for all cleared instruments

Clearing Session Closes

(Note: A returned cheque or ACH debit will ALWAYS result as a separate payment instruction but is both a debit and reversing credit to the payer’s account)

ACH CREDIT

Payment Finality occurs when Receiving Bank credits beneficiary’s account

Clearing Session Closes

(Note: A returned payment will ALWAYS result as a separate payment instruction)

INSTANT PAYMENT

Payment is considered final and irrevocable when presenting Bank communicates transaction status to the customer who initiated the transfer/payment request

At the pint when IP Switch sends authorization response to presenting bank


4.     CARD PAYMENTS SCHEME

TRANSACTION WITHIN THE CARD SCHEME

POINT OF PAYMENT FINALITY

P.O.S Purchases

Payment is considered final and irrevocable when the issuer AUTHORISES the transaction. At this point, the transaction cannot be unwound and settlement MUST occur.

Electronic Bill Payments

(and other Card NOT present transactions)

Payment is considered final and irrevocable when the issuer AUTHORISES the transaction. At this point, the transaction cannot be unwound and settlement MUST occur.


 

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