CBN lays Guidelines on Mobile Money Services in Nigeria

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Thursday, April 02, 2015 9.36AM/CBN

1.0 Preamble

In exercise of the powers conferred on the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) by Section 47(2) of the CBN Act, 2007, to promote and facilitate the development of efficient and effective system for the settlement of transactions, including the development of electronic payment systems; and Pursuant to its mandate of promoting a sound financial system in Nigeria, the CBN hereby issues the following guidelines for Mobile Money Services in Nigeria.

2.0 Introduction

The introduction of mobile telephony in Nigeria, its rapid growth and adoption, and the identification of person to person payments as a practical strategy for financial inclusion, has made it imperative to adopt the mobile channel as a means of driving financial inclusion of the unbanked. These factors underscore the decision of the Central Bank of Nigeria to issue these guidelines, to create an enabling environment for the orderly introduction and management of mobile money services in Nigeria.

This guideline addresses business rules governing the operation of mobile money services, and specifies basic functionalities expected of any mobile payment service and solution in Nigeria. It identifies the participants, and defines their expected roles and responsibilities in providing mobile money services in the system. In addition, it sets the basis for the regulation of services offered at different levels and by the participants.

These guidelines have identified two models for the implementation of mobile money services namely;

A. Bank Led – Bank and/or its Consortium as Lead Initiator

B. Non-Bank Led- A corporate organisation duly licensed by the CBN as Lead Initiator

3.0 Objectives

The objectives of the guidelines are as follows:

a. To ensure a structured and orderly development of mobile money services in Nigeria, with clear definition of various participants and their expected roles and responsibilities

b. Specification of the minimum technical and business requirements for the various participants recognized for the mobile money services industry in Nigeria.

c. To promote safety and effectiveness of mobile money services and thereby enhance user confidence in the services.

4.0 Scope

To achieve the above stated objectives, this Guideline covers models, agent network, business rules, roles and responsibilities of participants under mobile money services in Nigeria.

5.0 Models

Two models of mobile money services are identified for operation in Nigeria:

a. The Bank-led Model: This is a model where a bank either alone or a consortium of banks, whether or not partnering with other approved organizations, seek to deliver banking services, leveraging on the mobile payments system. This model shall be applicable in a scenario where the bank operates on stand-alone basis or in collaboration with other bank(s) and any other approved organization. The Lead Initiator shall be a bank or a consortium of banks.

b. The Non-Bank led Model: This model allows a corporate organization that has been duly licensed by the CBN to deliver mobile money services to customers. The Lead Initiator shall be a corporate organization (other than a deposit money bank or a telecommunication company) specifically licensed by the CBN to provide mobile money services in Nigeria.

6.0 Agency Network

The provisions of the Guidelines for the Regulation of Agent banking and Agent banking relationships in Nigeria shall apply to Mobile Money Agent Network.



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