Wednesday, March 14, 2018 8.00AM / Proshare WebTV
Born (December 17, 1942) Muhammadu Buhari is a politician, former Military Head of State of Nigeria(1983-1985) and the current President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
He hails from Daura, Katsina State and can be described as one of the most charismatic and popular politicians from Northern Nigeria.
This is owing to the fact that he has a strong appeal in the North, and is a remarkable political brand that has revolutionized the socio-political landscape of Nigeria in the fourth republic.
After his first three attempts in the fourth republic, contesting for the Presidency in 2003, 2007 and 2011, Buhari Made his fourth attempt in 2015 through the All Progressives Congress Party, and defeated then incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan of the People’s Democratic Party.
It was the first time in Nigeria’s political history that an incumbent President lost an election in the country.
Muhammadu Buhari attended primary school in Daura and Mai’adua before proceeding to Katsina Model School in 1953 and Katsina Provincial Secondary School(Now Katsina Government College) from 1956 to 1961.
Buhari joined the Nigerian Army at age 19, by enrolling at the Military Training College in 1961.
In 1964 he was upgraded to a military officer of the Nigerian Army and went for training as an officer at Mons Cadet Training School in Aldershot, England between 1962 to 1963.
At age 21 Buhari was commissioned as a second lieutenant and appointed Platoon Commander Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Nigeria from 1963 to 1964. He went for another Military course in the United Kingdom in 1964.
From 1965 to 1967 he served as Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion and appointed brigade major, Second sector, First Infantry Division, April 1967 to July 1967.
During an unfortunate Civil War in Nigeria that lasted for three(3) years (1967-1970) Muhammadu Buhari was among the Military officers that defended Nigeria, leading military operations from Enugu, Afikpo, Ogoja, Akwa through to Abakaliki.
After the Civil War Buhari attended special military training in Wellington, India in the early 70s and was appointed the Military Governor of the North-Eastern State from 1975 to 1976 and Governor of Borno State from February 1976 to March 1976.
Muhammadu Buhari was appointed the Federal Commissioner for Petroleum and Natural Resources in 1976, by General Olusegun Obasanjo(Then Military Head of State) during the period the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation was established.
It was under his watch that the framework for the evolution and development of the petroleum industry and infrastructure in Nigeria, was laid
From the period of 1978 to 1983 he served as a Military secretary in the Supreme Military Council of the Obasanjo administration and served as General Officer Commanding Key Mechanized Divisions in the country.
Another remarkable moment in his career was when he led the Nigerian military to crush Chadian forces that invaded Borno State in 1983. He successfully chased them back to Chadian territory and defended the nation.
Still in 1983, Major-General Muhammadu Buhari led a Military coup that disrupted the second republic. From 1983 to 1985 Buhari with his second in command Major-General Tunde Idiagbon(Late) led the country in a very tough manner jailing some of the politicians and ruthlessly tackling every form of indiscipline in the country.
With a challenging economic landscape and the War Against Indiscipline and corruption seeking to gain momentum, Major-General Buhari’s Administration was overthrown in the coup of 1985. He was detained and placed under house arrest till 1988.
From 1988 to 1993 played a calm and silent role as a Statesman and leader of thought from Katsina State.
During the Abacha regime (1993-1998) Major-General Muhammadu Buhari(Rtd) was appointed the Chairman of the Petroleum Trust Fund, where under his watch critical capital projects across the country were initiated and completed.
In the turn of the Fourth republic Buhari became the strong voice of the opposition in the country, first as an All Nigeria People’s Party (ANPP)member, then Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) and All Progressives Congress (APC).
As Presidential Candidate in the past he had as running mates Dr Chuba Okadigbo (2003) Edwin Ume-Ezeoke (2007,ANPP), Pastor Tunde Bakare (2011,CPC) and Professor Yemi Osinbajo(2015,APC)
The 2015 Elections was remarkable as President Muhammadu Buhari and Vice-President Prof Yemi Osinbajo campaigned on the promise of “Change” and garnered over 15m votes to win the election.
President won the elections with a commitment to tackle corruption, tackle unemployment and tackle insecurity
As President the deadly Boko Haram have been decimated in the North-East, but are now resorting to unconventional ways of attacking troops and people in the area.
Despite the recession of 2016, the economy recovered in 2017 and is experiencing a steady pathway to growth. under Buhari’s leadership.
There have been ongoing reforms in the taxation space, Ease of Doing Business, Power, Improving Made in Nigeria, Agriculture, Solid Minerals, amongst others.
The Buhari administration is also carrying out a multi-billion Social Investment Programme across the country, through initiatives like the Homegrown school feeding programme, Conditional cash transfer, N-Power Empowerment programme.
In the area of security, the Buhari administration has faced the challenge of a new dimension of terrorism that is unconventional and has also grappled with agitations from the various regions in the country.
The incidence of herdsmen killings, abduction of over 100 school girls from a government school in Dapchi,Yobe State are part of the challenges the administration is facing in the area of security.
In the area of Infrastructure the 2016, 2017 and 2018 budgets have seen a consistent step in sustaining an increase in infrastructure investments, with 30% of the budget going to capital expenditure.
Buhari has faced a challenging relationship with the National Assembly, on the area of appointments, budget procedures etc.
As the 2019 Elections beckons President Muhammadu Buhari is under intense pressure to contest for a second term, from a cross-section of the nation. This comes as other groups want him to step down and rest after he concludes his first term.
Two former Leaders of Nigeria Chief Olusegun Obasanjo and General Ibrahim Babangida(Rtd) have both written to Buhari, advising him not to contest.
At the moment President Buhari is still yet to decide if he will contest the elections in 2019.
Described as a man of Integrity, patriot and firm believer in Nigeria’s unity, President Buhari was recently honored by the African Union and given the task of championing the Anti-Corruption crusade in Africa.
He is a Grand Commander of the Federal Republic and also a recipient of the Nigerian Centenary Award of Leadership and Service.
President Muhammadu Buhari is married to Aisha Buhari Nigeria’s First Lady and founder of the Future Assured Initiative, and they are blessed with children, and grandchildren.