Wednesday, September 29, 2021 / 09:12 AM / United Capital Research / Header Image Credit: Anadolu Agency
Brent crude futures briefly soared past the psychological $80.0/b mark on Tuesday, rising to an eye-watering $80.20/b, before edging below that mark (at the time of writing). Improved and resolute demand, amid tight supply and depleted stockpiles, continues to sustain the rally, which has seen Brent futures rise 50.7% YTD. Hurricanes Ida and Nicholas, which hit the US Gulf of Mexico in August and September, caused significant production and refining capacity disruptions in the US. Underinvestment and maintenance bottlenecks in Nigeria and Angola have kept supply underwhelming, despite relaxation of OPEC quotas.
Oil's current price strength is likely to continue in the short term, owing to factors such as strong winter consumption, improved travel demand, and broader speculation that the sector isn't investing enough to close the demand gap amid a push for energy diversification and emission reduction. The persistent surge, however, has put enormous inflationary pressure on the global economy, as other energy commodity prices are skyrocketing. For instance, European Natural Gas is at an all-time high of â‚¬71.7/MwH, having surged 274.9% YTD, with no signs of retreat in sight. Furthermore, while OPEC+ has begun to ease its quotas, supply is likely to remain restricted.
In Nigeria, rising oil prices remain a double-edged sword. On the one hand, Nigeria will receive much needed USD inflows from higher oil prices, while on the other hand, the country is incurring higher petroleum importation costs and, by extension, landing costs and subsidy expenses. The NNPC has recently postponed its previous plans to begin fuel subsidy elimination in 2021 to 2022 due to potential social agitation and inflationary impacts. As a result, an increase in the already untenable subsidy costs is unavoidable. Thus, increase in fuel subsidy payments will always remain a dark point associated with higher oil prices, eroding potential gains in FX inflows, a perfect illustration of "all that glitters, is not necessarily gold".