Revenue Allocation Formula Restructure: A Paradigm Shift?

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Thursday, October 28, 2021   /08:50 AM / by United Capital Research / Header Image Credit: Nigerian Finder

 

The revenue allocation formula between the tiers of government in Nigeria has remained a source of constant debate on its adequacy in ensuring fairness in distribution. Earlier this year, the Chairman of the Revenue Mobilisation Allocation and Fiscal Commission (RMAFC), Dr Elias Mbam, announced that a review of the allocation formula would happen before the end of 2021. Truly this has commenced, with public hearings across the different geopolitical zones of the country. Earlier in the week, the Northwest geopolitical zone held its own public hearing. At the hearing, they stated that states and local governments should get the biggest percentage of revenue allocation suggesting a 60% and 40% allocation ratio to the two-tiers of the government (states & LGAs) and the federal government respectively.


The current Revenue Allocation Formula which specifies that 52.7%, 26.7% and 20.6% of the revenue be shared to the Federal, State and Local Governments has been in existence since 1992. This sharing formula was agreed upon due to several key responsibilities such as defence and power being placed on the exclusive list, requiring the Federal government to take a greater share of revenue. However, proponents arguing in favour of a review to allocate greater percentage to states and local governments have pointed to the fact that in 1992, Nigeria had 30 states and 589 LGAs, both of which have now increased by 6 states and 189 LGAs. The resulting impact has been a reduction in allocation to each state and LGA, given there are now more "mouths to feed".


On the other hand, state and local governments have been heavily criticized on their lack of innovation to improve Internally Generated Revenues (IGR) evident in their overreliance on FAAC allocations from Federation account. In addition, lack of fiscal responsibility among state governments have also been another argument against allowing states have access to large share of the Federation's income. Either way, we struggle to see how the revenue allocation review will come to fruition. Previous attempts have proved unsuccessful due to several reasons including political unwillingness at the Federal level to implement such drastic reduction. We think this would be more amplified given the uncomfortable fiscal position of the Federal government.


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Related to FAAC

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  3. FAAC Disburses N2.49trn to FG and N2.30trn to States in Year 2020 - NBS
  4. FAAC Disburses N601.11bn in December 2020 - NBS
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  6. FAAC Disburses N639.90bn in October 2020 - NBS
  7. FAAC Disburses N682.06bn in September 2020 - NBS
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  9. FAAC Disburses N696.18bn in July 2020 - NBS
  10. FAAC Disburses N547.31bn in June 2020 - NBS
  11. FAAC Disburses N606.19bn in May 2020 - NBS
  12. FAAC Disburses N780.93bn in April 2020 - NBS
  13. FAAC Disburses N581.57bn in March 2020 - NBS
  14. FAAC Disburses N647.35bn in February 2020 - NBS
  15. FAAC Disburses N716.30bn in January 2020 - NBS
  16. FAAC Disburses N2.93trn to FG in 2019 - NBS
  17. FAAC Disburses N650.83bn in December 2019 - NBS

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