NBS Publishes 2016 Human Development Indices for UNDP Nigeria Human Development Report

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Friday, October 05, 2018 / 04:00 PM / NBS   

 

Introduction 

Human development indicators, generally, provide the basis for quantitative assessment of the achievement of countries in all areas of human endeavour. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of human progress. It considers the average achievements in three basic dimensions of human development; a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living. The indicators considered in this document are composites of socio-economic factors appropriate for assessing human development achievements in each State of the Federation. Until 2010, HDI was defined as a simple arithmetic average of normalized indices in the dimensions of health, education and income. At the moment, life expectancy (le) remains the only indicator for the health dimension while the indicators for income and education were appropriately replaced.

 

The Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) adjusts the Human Development Index (HDI) for inequality in distribution of each dimension across the population. It is based on a distribution-sensitive class of composite indices proposed by Foster, Lopez-Calva, and Szekely (2005), which draws on the Atkinson (1970) family of inequality measures. It is computed as a geometric mean of geometric means, calculated across the population for each dimension separately (Alkire and Foster, 2010). The IHDI accounts for inequalities in HDI dimensions by “discounting” each dimension’s average value according to its level of inequality. The IHDI equals the HDI when there is no inequality across people but is less than the HDI as inequality rises. In this sense, the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for this inequality), while the HDI can be viewed as an index of “potential” human development (or the maximum level of HDI) that could be achieved if there was no inequality. The “loss” in potential human development due to inequality is given by the difference between the HDI and the IHDI and can be expressed as a percentage.

The new indices were: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI), Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), and Gender Inequality Index (GII).

In computing the 2016 Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) in Nigeria, most of the data required for the current computations were sourced from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) surveys and publications that provided information on the relevant indicators. Other relevant sources includes Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) such as the National Population Commission (NPopC); States Independent Electoral Commission (SIEC), Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), Bureau of Local Government and Chieftaincy Affairs, State House of Assembly, Office of the Secretary to the State Government, State National Assembly and among others. Additionally, a quick supplementary survey was conducted in 2017 to close the data gaps especially in areas where the data were unavailable to include:

 

  • Educational Attainment among households
  • Maternal Death
  • General Mortality (i.e. deaths in the last 12 months)
  • Employment History
  • Water and Sanitation
  • Housing Characteristics
  • Anthropometry

 

Four teams were constituted to derive the indices required for the computation of IHDI namely; Gross National Income (GNI), Gender Inequality Index (GII), Multi-dimensional Poverty Index (MPI) and Human Development Index (HDI).

 

2.1 Objective

The main objective of survey is to source data required that were not readily available or current to compute the 2016 Nigeria Human Development Index (HDI)

 

2.2 Coverage

The survey took into consideration the 36 states of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja. The Surveys covered households in both urban and rural Enumeration Areas (EAs), which were canvassed through the National Integrated Survey of Households (NISH).  Some MDAs at the Federal and State levels were covered through the System of Administrative Statistics (SAS). Thus, all NBS systems of data collection were used for the computation of the current HDI.

 

2.3 Scope

The main subject areas covered in all the survey modules include:

·         Demographic Characteristics

·         General Mortality (i.e. deaths in the last 12 months)

·         Maternal Mortality

·         Working History

·         Water and Sanitation

·         Housing Characteristics

·         Anthropometry

·         Information from Cement Companies and Oil Refineries

·         Information from selected MDAs

 

2.4 Sample Size (and Coverage)

A total sample of one hundred and twenty (120) Enumeration Areas (EAs) was studied in each of the 36 states and FCT.  In each EA, a sample of fifteen (15) households (HHs) was selected for study. By this arrangement, a total of 1,800 households per state were sampled, resulting in a national sample size or coverage of 66,600 households.

 

2.5 Survey Instruments

Instruments and equipment that were used the data collection are; Paper Questionnaires, Manual of Instructions for field staff, Enumeration Area (EA) Sketch Maps, List of Selected EAs and HH Selection Sheet, Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) Device, Measuring boards and  Weighing Scales

 

2.6 Training for Fieldwork

Two (2) levels of training were adopted. The first level was the training of trainers (TOT) held at NBS Headquarters, Abuja. The training comprised of 37 trainers/monitors and six coordinators at the zones.  In all, 43 officers were trained at the first level. The training lasted two days. The second level training was held in all the 37 NBS state offices, including Abuja. The trainees at the second level included the interviewers, field supervisors, NBS State Officers and Zonal Controllers.  The training also lasted two days.

 

2.7 Fieldwork Arrangement

The fieldwork was carried out by three (3) teams per state. Each team comprised one (1) Team leader and four (4) Team mate. One (1) female were selected among the team mate to be in charge of anthropometric measurement in the households.

 

The teams conducted interviews using the General Household Mortality and Labour Force questionnaire. The Trainer and State Officer in each states lodged and retrieved MDAs questionnaires

 

2.8      Monitoring and Coordination

  •           There was monitoring exercise in all the 36 states and the FCT, Abuja. The monitoring exercise involved the Officers from NBS Headquarters, State Officers and Zonal Controllers. For quality assurance, monitoring exercises were carried out at various stages of the data collection. Senior officers from the NBS Headquarters, NBS State Officers and Zonal Controllers were all involved in the monitoring and coordination of the data collection exercise.

 

2.9 Retrieval

Data collected by the use of Computer Assisted personal Interview (CAPI) were transmitted online to the NBS Data Processing Center in Abuja. All completed paper questionnaires were returned by the monitoring officers to the center for data processing. 

 

2.10 Data Processing

All primary data collected were subjected to data reliability tests to ascertain the quality. Result tables were generated, using the already prepared programs.

 

Click Here to Download 2016 Human Development Indices PDF Report

Latest 2018 NBS Reports

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Q3 2018

1.       730,289 Passengers Travelled via Rail in Q2 2018 - NBS

2.      All Region Terms of Trade Index Rose by 9% Driven by Mineral Products - NBS

3.      FAAC Disburses N714.81bn in August 2018 - NBS

4.      Lagos State Accounts for 34.17% of Foreign Debt As At June 2018 - NBS

5.      Average Price of 1kg of Rice Decreased by 2.43% MoM to N375.02 in August 2018 - NBS

6.      Average Fare Paid by Commuters For Bus Journey Within City Increased by 9.80% MoM in Aug 2018 - NBS

7.      Headline Inflation Increased by 11.23% in August 2018; 0.09 Higher Than July 2018 Rate

8.     Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – August 2018

9.      Active Voice Subscribers Increased by 0.09% in Q2 2018 - NBS

10.  7.50m Passengers Passed Through Nigerian Airports in H1 2018

11.   Merchandise Trade Declines in Q2 2018: -8.89% Contraction from Q1 2018 Trade Figure

12.  Average of 81,561MWh of Energy Generated Daily in Q2 2018 - NBS

13.  8.13m Workers Are Registered Under The Pension Scheme As At Q2 2018 - NBS

14.  2608 Road Traffic Crashes Occurred in Q2 2018 - NBS

15.   Nigeria’s GDP Grew by 1.50% YoY in Real Terms in Q2 2018

16.  165.71mln Litres of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Imported into Nigeria in Q2 2018

17.   Total Value of Capital Importation into Nigeria Stood at $5,513.55m in Q2 2018 - NBS

18.  Banking Sector Records 509.67m Volume of Transactions in Q2 2018 - NBS

19.  Average Fare Paid by Commuters for Bus Journey Intercity Increased by 0.30% MoM to N1,733.33 in July

20. Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Decreased by 1.75% MoM to N280.83 in July 2018 - NBS

21.  Headline Inflation Drops to 11.14% in July 2018; 0.09% Lower Than June 2018 Rate

22. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – July 2018

23. FAAC Disburses N821.86bn in July 2018 – NBS

24. FAAC Disburses N668.90bn in June 2018 – NBS

25.  4.79bn Litres of PMS Imported into Nigeria in Q2 2018 - NBS

26. 6,999 Products Were Presented for Registration Approval in 2017 - NBS

27.  Nigeria Produced 45.74m Tons of Solid Minerals in 2017 - NBS

28. 147,823 Domestic Passengers Moved by 41 Private Jet Operators in 2017 - NBS

29. Average of 92,747MWh of Energy Generated Daily in Q1 2018

30. GDP By Income and Expenditure Approach 2017 - Household Final Consumption Fell by -0.99% in 2017

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Q2 2018

31.  Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Increased MoM by 4.93% to N305.70 - NBS

32. Average Intracity Transport Fare Increased MoM by 1.53% to N168.90 - NBS

33.  Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – June 2018

34.  Headline Inflation Drops to 11.23% in June 2018; 0.37% Lower Than May 2018 Rate

35.  134,663 Crime Cases Were Reported in 2017 - NBS

36.  FAAC Disburses N701.02bn in May 2018 - NBS

37.  Average Prices of 1kg of Tomato Increased MoM by 6.10% to N307.14 in May 2018 - NBS

38.  Average Water Transport Fare Increased By 0.57% MoM in May 2018 - NBS

39.  Headline Inflation Drops to 11.61% in May 2018; 0.87% Lower Than April 2018 Rate

40. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – May 2018

41.   Merchandise Trade in Both Directions Grew Significantly in Q1 2018

42.  7.98m Workers Are Registered Under The Pension Scheme as at Q1 2018 - NBS

43.  5.67bn Litres of PMS Imported in Q1 2018 - NBS

44. FAAC Disburses N638.09bn in April 2018 - NBS

45.  2,482 Road Traffic Crashes Occurred in Q1 2018 - NBS

46. Nigeria’s GDP Grew in Real Terms by 1.95% in Q1 2018

47.  N269.79bn Generated as VAT in Q1 2018 - NBS

48. Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Increased by 8.38% MoM in April 2018 - NBS

49. Average Fare for Bus Journey Within City Increased by 3.88% MoM in April 2018 - NBS

50.  Headline Inflation Drops to 12.48% in April 2018; 0.86% Lower Than March 2018 Rate

51.   Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – April 2018

52.  Total Value of Capital Imported in Q1 2018 Stood at $6,303.63m - NBS

53.  Banking Sector Records 457.23m Volume of Transactions in Q1 2018 - NBS

54.  FAAC Disburses N647.39bn in March 2018 –NBS

55.  720,958 Passport Applications Received in 2017 - NBS

56.  309,713kg of Drug Seized in 2017 - NBS

57.  Average Intercity Bus Fare Decreased by -5.63% MoM in March 2018

58.  Average Price of Tomato Decreased by -0.58% YoY in March 2018

59.  Headline Inflation Drops to 13.34% in March 2018; 0.99% Lower Than February 2018 Rate

60. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – March 2018

61.   Updated 2017 IGR Report – Osun State Grows IGR by 32.04% in FY 2017

 

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Q1 2018

1.       FAAC Disburses N635.55bn in February 2018 - NBS

2.      Lagos State Has The Highest Domestic and Foreign Debts as at December 2017 - NBS

3.      States Generate N931.23bn as IGR in 2017 - NBS

4.      Average Air Fare Increased by 1.47% MoM in February 2018 - NBS

5.      Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Increased by 7.10% YoY in February 2018 - NBS

6.      Headline Inflation Drops to 14.33% in February 2018; 0.8% Lower Than January 2018 Rate

7.      Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – February 2018

8.      Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Owerri and Kano Airports Served Over 92% of Total Passengers in Q4 2017

9.      4,175 Ocean Going Vessels Recorded at Nigerian Ports in 2017

10.   Total Value of Capital Imported into Nigeria in Q4 2017 Estimated at $5,382.89m - NBS

11.    Nigeria’s GDP Grows in Real Terms by 1.92% in Q4 and 0.83% for Full Year 2017

12.  FAAC Disburses N655.18bn in January 2018 – NBS

13.   N254.10bn Generated as VAT in Q4 2017 – NBS

14.   Total Active Voice Subscription Increased by 3.69% in Q4 2017 – NBS

15.   18.36bn Litres of PMS Distributed State-wide in 2017 – NBS

16.   5.84m Students Enrolled in Junior Secondary Schools in 2016 - NBS

17.   2,489 Road Traffic Crashes Occurred in Q4 2017 - NBS

18.   Average Air Fare Increased by 7.34% YoY in January 2018 - NBS

19.   Headline Inflation Drops to 15.13% in January 2018; 0.24% Lower Than 15.37% December Rate

20.  Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – January 2018

21.   7.82m Workers Are Registered Under the Pension Scheme as at Q4 2017 - NBS

22.  Daily Energy Generation Attained a Peak of 94,627MWh in Q4 2017 - NBS

23.  Banking Sector Records 461.98m Volume of Transactions in Q4 2017 - NBS

24.  77.5m Persons Engaged in Some Sort of Economic Activities in Q3 2017 - NBS

25.  Average Fare Paid by Passengers for Water Transport Increased by 6.05% MoM to N631.55 in Dec 2017

26.   Average Price of 1kg of Yam Tuber Decreased by -3.67% YoY to N211.61 in December 2017 - NBS

27.  Headline Inflation Drops to 15.37% in December 2017; 0.53% Lower Than 15.90% November Rate

28.   Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas – December 2017

29.  Active Voice Subscribers Dropped by 8.73% in Q3 2017 – NBS

30. Inequality in Nigeria Worsened Between 2004 and 2013 But Improved in 2016 – NBS

31.   FAAC Disburses N609.96bn in December 2017 – NBS

 

 

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