Friday, December 23, 2016 1:17 PM / NBS
The need for credible and timely socio-economic data for development has continued to surge by the ever-increasing need for development and growing interest in Nigeria as destination for investment.
This interest and need for data on Nigeria has further increased in recent times due to the current social and economic challenges being faced by the country. As the coordinator of the National Statistical System (NSS) and authoritative source of all official statistics in Nigeria, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), by its mandate is expected to meet data demands of policy makers and users both within and outside the country.
This publication has been produced to meet NBS’ specific mandate of collecting, collating, analysing and disseminating statistical information on all facet on the Nigerian economy, as well as that of coordinating the production of relevant official statistics at all levels in Nigeria.
The social Statistics Report 2016 is a compilation of data on the contemporary social situation in Nigeria. The report presents a variety of social and economic statistics that measure quality of life.
Data for this publication was mainly generated from secondary sources from relevant Federal Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies to enrich our data base. In most cases, the information presented in this report spans from 2013 to 2015. Statistics over this time frame on annual basis form the benchmark for measuring social and economic conditions of the citizenry of Nigeria.
However, there are gaps from some agencies who do not have the required data. The themes covered in the report include employment, education, health, public safety and transportation. In terms of structure, the report has been divided into sixteen chapters for convenience.
I wish to acknowledge the support of the Planning, Research and Statistics Department of relevant MDAs in supplying data for the compilation of this report. Agencies that did not respond to our data requests are kindly required to assist the Bureau in providing the needed data for future publications.
I have no doubt that the publication will go a long way in meeting the needs of policy makers, researchers, students, social advocates and other relevant stakeholders to formulate policies and strategies as well as track changes on various dimensions of socio-economic conditions in Nigeria.
It is therefore my pleasure to present this edition of Social Statistics Report 2016 to the various users. We welcome any suggestions and contributions that will help in improving future compilations.
Chapter One -Agriculture
Agricultural production is central to the overall well-being of the populace. As a result, high premium is placed on agriculture in order to develop and protect the sector, thereby guaranteeing sustainable food security, employment opportunities among others.
In Nigeria, the sector remains largely subsistent, primitive and undeveloped. The Nigerian agricultural sector has a rich history; recording world’s highest producers of palm oil, cocoa and groundnut, in the 1960s and up to the early 1970s. This led to improvement in material well-being of all citizens both in social, political and economic spheres.
Over time, agricultural activities declined leading to a fall in output and contribution to national development. Given the reality of falling oil price in the international market and the need to diversify the economy, the Nigerian government has refocused its attention on agriculture amongst other key sectors to revamp the economy.
Figure 1.1a shows the distribution of area (hect.) cultivated and production of primary crops for the period 2013–2015. Cassava crop had the highest area cultivated for 2013 and 2014 with 6,718,490 and 6,458,435 respectively, while maize had the highest in 2015 with 6,771,189. In the three years under review, sugarcane had the least area cultivatedwith 77,030 in 2013, 81,870 in 2014 and 84,320 in 2015.
However, cassava crop had the highest production quantity for the three years with 54,023,150 in 2013, 56,328,480 in 2014 and 57,643,271 in 2015. Cottonseed had the least production quantity of crop with 296,610 in 2013, 290,162 in 2014, and 401,441 in 2015.
Chapter Two - Anti-Corruption
Corruption is a multifaceted word which generally refers to dishonest or immoral behaviour that is not in line with accepted standards of society norms and values. Officially, corruption can be considered as the abuse of an entrusted position for personal benefit or as the misused of an office for securing an undeserved gain.
Corruption in Nigeria like any other country manifests in various forms. It is a common phenomenon in both public and private sectors, formal and informal sectors of the economy.
Corruption undermines sustainable development strides either sectorially or institutionally and creates a strong disincentive to foreign investment drive. This chapter deals with corruption related data in Nigeria generated from the activities of Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC), Economic Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and most importantly Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB).
The number of political office holders who purportedly declared their assets increased from 7,602 in 2012 to 9271 (21.95%) in 2013 and thereafter rose to 12,985(40.06%) in 2014.
Data from CCB further indicates that, on a state by state basis, Ondo state topped the ranking of number of political office holders that declared their assets with 2,014, followed by Katsina State which had 1,807, while the least among the states was Kebbi with a record of 10 in 2014. Fig 2.1b below shows a state by state depiction of this indicator for 2012 to 2014.
Between 2012 and 2013 the number of civil servants who openly declared their assets rose from 44,943 in 2012 to 61,776 in 2013 (37.45%) but suddenly declined to 41,527 in 2014. However, it increased to 81,343 (57.48 %) in 2015. Kano state recorded the highest number among the states with 7,984 followed by Oyo and Gombe state with 5,780 and 5,796 respectively while Abia state had the lowest number among the states with 49 in 2015.
Chapter Three - Civil Service
The Nigerian civil service is a vital instrument of the federal government that provides platform for social development and the sustainability of governance in the society. The government relies on the civil service to carry out the will of the state.
The civil service consists of employees in Nigerian government agencies other than the military. Most employees are career civil servants in the Nigerian ministries, departments and agencies, progressing based on qualifications and seniority.
The Nigerian civil service consists of many personnel with technical skills which provide capacity for large scale management. In this chapter, data on the employment into the civil service by the Federal Civil Service Commission is presented.
In the year 2012, a total number of new employee that entered the federal civil service was 2,334 and 3,352 in 2013. When compared with the number in 2014, which was put at 3,255, there was a slight decline of 2.89%.
Delta state recorded the highest number of new intakes by state of origin, with 168, while Rivers State came next with a record of 152; Jigawa State recorded the least with 43 in 2014.
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1. Good Demographics, Could Be Better