Thursday, December 28, 2017 /09:05AM / FBNQuest Research
The NBS has
released three quarters of data in its Unemployment and Underemployment Report
(Q1-Q3 2017). Unsurprisingly, the data do not paint a pretty picture since
Nigeria was still in recession in the first quarter in question and emerging
slowly from it in the second and third.
In Q3 2017 the
proportion of the labour force either unemployed or underemployed was 40.0%,
compared with 37.3% the previous quarter and 33.6% in the comparable
year-earlier period. There has been a steady increase for more than two years.
work an average of between 20 and 39 hours per week according to the criteria
of the NBS, and the unemployed an average of between zero and 19 hours.
the economy has emerged from a recession that lasted for five quarters, job
creation has been patchy and far short of the growth rate of the labour force.
In Q3 2017 alone, the labour force increased by 1.2 million Nigerians. At the
margins, various FGN schemes have slowed the rise in the unemployment rate.
Commercial agriculture and manufacturing are generally thought to have the
highest potential for rapid job creation.
terms of age group, the highest unemployment rate was 33.1% for those between
15 and 24 years, and the lowest 11.7% for Nigerians between 35 and 44 years.
This is a consistent international trend.
the sake of curiosity, the report produces a league table of international
unemployment rates with the caveat that methodology is likely to vary across
jurisdictions. Nigeria sits in 28th place in the table. The five
highest rates are to be found in Djibouti, the Democratic Republic of Congo,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Haiti and Afghanistan.