A Case of Eurobond Market Contagion


Tuesday, September 29, 2020 / 12:06 PM / By Coronation Research / Header Image Credit: Invest Data


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.

Clients who listen to our macroeconomic presentations know that we  consider Eurobonds issued by the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) to  present a sweet spot. Yields are above their long-term average and yet the Eurobond market seems likely to welcome a issue next year, given Nigeria's absence from the market in 2019 and early 2020. So it was a Surprise to see  yields rise quite sharply last week. To our mind it seems like a case of  contagion from elsewhere in Africa.



Last week the foreign exchange rate in the NAFEX market (also know as the I&E Window and the interbank market) hardly moved, weakening by 0.05% to  N386.04/USSI1. In the parallel, or street market, the Naira lost 0.43% to close the week at an offer rate of N4G7.00/USS1. Such movements conform to our view of lack of turnover in the NAFEX market translating into demand for US dollars in the parallel market. The NAFEX and parallel rate are 21% apart and we think there will be continued, but moderate, pressure on the parallel rate until the time comes when NAFEX liquidity improves substantially.


Bonds & T-bills

Last week the secondary market yield for an FGN Naira bond with 10 years to maturity decreased by 3 basis points (bps) to 9.00%, and at 7 years fell by 87bps to 6.76%, while at 3 years it remained flat at 3.93%. The annualised yield on 335-day T-bill increased by stayed flat at 2.72% while the yield on a CBN Open Market Operation (OMO) bill with similar tenure decreased by 29bps to 2.28%. In a N25.00bn (US$64.10m) primary market auction of an FGN Naira bond of 5 years and 4 months duration subscriptions was oversubscribed and N66.97bn was allotted with a yield of 6.00%. Our sense is that the market continues to be liquid and we see moderate downward pressure on rates over the coming week.



The price of Brent crude fell by 2.85% last week to US$41.92/bbl. The average price, year-to-date, is US$42.55/bbl, 33.72% lower than the average of  USS64.20/bbl in 2019. The market understands that the supply disruptions caused by several hurricane storms on the east coast of America have passed, while the recent OPEC+ (OPEC plus Russia) meeting only reaffirmed the 7.7 million barrels per day (mbpd) production cuts rather than deepening them. As  we wrote last week, we think OPEC+ may tolerate oil prices under US$50.00/bbI for a few months, until its objective of winning back at least some market share from US shale producers has been reached.



The Nigerian Stock Exchange All-Share Index (NSE-ASI) rose by 2.92% last week. The year-to-date return is negative 1.95%. Last week Nigerian Breweries ; (+25.12%), Lafarge Africa (+15.77%) and International Breweries (+9.09%) closed positive, while Oando (-11.74%), Unilever Nigeria (-5.56%) and Cadbury Nigeria (-5.41%) closed down.



A Case of Eurobond Market Contagion

Last week there was a flurry of news stories about African nations wanting to restructure private-sector debt, including Eurobonds. Zambia stated that it wished to defer interest payments on its Eurobonds until April next year. Chad asked oil trader Glencore to suspend payments on its cash loans this year. Angola's public-sector debt restructuring was reported not to be going according to plan.


The result was a rise in Eurobond yields. Zambia's 2027 Eurobond yield rose from 21.53% to 21.64%, Angola's 2025 Eurobond yield rose from 11.87% to 12.52%. And Nigeria's 2025 Eurobond yield rose from 5.91% to 6.58%.


This looks like a case of market contagion, or risk by association. Nigeria's public finances are very different to those of Zambia and Angola. For example, Zambia's fiscal problem pre-date the Covid-19 crisis. Yet the market still read-across from Angola's and Zambia's problems to Nigeria.


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.


In fact, Nigeria has been conspicuous by not asking for either bilateral or private-sector (which includes Eurobonds) debt relief. The Minister of Finance, Budget & Planning, Zainab Ahmed, has been clear on this point. And, with the Central Bank of Nigeria's foreign exchange reserves at US$35.8bn, Nigeria's position looks much better than those of many other African countries.


In our view, Eurobonds are a sweet spot among Nigerian investments. From the investor's point of view, Nigerian Eurobonds currently yield rather more than their average 5.8% yieldover the period 2010-2019. From the issuer's point of view, Nigeria did not issue in 2019 and seems unlikely to issue in 2020, leaving the way clear for an issue in 2021.


Of course, markets are fickle. As the charts show, there was a certain amount of panic selling in March and April, which generated excellent buying opportunities for bold investors. And some of the last week's bad news was already priced in (so, markets can be fickle but also understanding at times). The market already knew that Zambia and Angola have their problems, hence their high yields. However, in the case of Nigeria the recent sell-off seems unwarranted.


Model Equity Portfolio

Last week the Model Equity Portfolio rose by 2.56% compared with rise in the Nigerian Stock Exchange All-Share Index (NSE-ASI) of 2.92%, therefore underperforming it by 36 basis points. Year-to-date it has gained 2.24% against a loss of 1.95% in the NSE-ASI, outperforming it by 419bps.


The market was in an extraordinarily bullish mood last week. Our underperformance can be attributed to the fact that we do not have a notional position in Nigerian Breweries, which accounts for 3.08% of the index and which rallied 25.1% on news that its parent company was buying its shares on the open market - this accounting for some 70bps of market performance. At the same time there was a 15.8% rally in Lafarge Africa, in which we hold no notional position and which accounts for 1.78% of the index - this accounting for some 20bps of market performance.

Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.


Enough excuses! We wrote, three weeks ago, that we like banks but only hold a total notional position in them of 20.2% compared with their 19.2% position in the index. We need to have a much stronger weight in the banks if we truly to expect to benefit from their potential outperformance. We are putting our mealy-mouthed assessment from last week behind us and this week will take our notional position in the banks from a total 20.2% to just under 30.0% with notional purchases.


And, since this may take more cash than we have (we have not yet accounted for dividend year - this will feature in a separate Total Return portfolio later) then we will trim our notional holdings in Nestle Nigeria, Dangote Cement and Airtel Africa in order to free up a little notional cash.


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.

Related to Eurobonds

  1. SSA Eurobond Market in H2-2020: Monetary Stimulus to Spur Market Recovery
  2. Angola Lead The Sub-Saharan Africa Eurobonds With Nigeria Strengthening In The Shadows
  3. Increase in Crude Oil Price Ignites More Interest in Nigerian Eurobond Market
  4. Sub-Saharan Eurobonds Rallied Following Further Oil Production Cuts By Saudi Arabia
  5. Nigerian Eurobonds Sustain Rally Momentum As Global Oil Prices Continue To Gain
  6. DMO Request for EOI for the Appointment of the Transaction Parties for the Issuance of FGN Eurobonds
  7. Planned External Capital Raising Is to Part Finance Budget 2020 Deficit and Maturing Eurobond
  8. African Countries and Eurobond Market: The Lovefest Continues in 2020?
  9. African Countries Scramble for the Eurobond Market


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd. 

Related to Coronation

  1. In the Hands of OPECplus
  2. The Policy Mix and The Markets
  3. The Oil Price and Production Paradox
  4. Cracks In The Bond Market?
  5. No Big Change in FX Policy


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd. 

Related News

  1. NBS Commences the Process of Implementing the 2020 National Business Sample Census After 22 Years
  2. NBS Publishes Nigeria's Rapid Data Mobilization Against COVID-19
  3. FAAC Disburses N676.41bn in August 2020 - NBS
  4. FAAC Disburses N696.18bn in July 2020 - NBS
  5. Nigeria Needs a Clear And Single Policy Anchor to Drive Growth and Competitiveness - Biodun Adedipe
  6. Comercio Partners - Leveraging Bright Investment Prospects Despite COVID-19 Disruptions
  7. NLC Communicates the Decision of Its CWC on Hike in PMS Pump Price and Electricity Tariff
  8. External Debt Service Under Control
  9. Tackling the Infrastructural Deficit in Nigeria
  10. A COVID-Driven Sharp Fall in FGN Revenue
  11. Emefiele, Olugbemi, Akinwuntan Insist Banks Must Play a Critical Role to Restore Stability
  12. President Buhari Justifies Borrowing to Fund Infrastructure
  13. The Structural Origins of Rising Inflation
  14. Headline Inflation Climbed to a 29-month High of 13.22% in August 2020
  15. New Issuance, New Debt Service
  16. The Policy Mix and The Markets
  17. Assessing Nigeria as a Failed (Failing) State - OpEd
  18. External Debt Almost Two-thirds Concessionary
  19. Headline Inflation Increases By 13.22% YoY In August 2020; 0.40% Higher Than July 2020 Rate
  20. Nigeria's Total Public Debt Stood At N31.01trn in Q2 2020 - NB

Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.
Related News