Nigeria's Real GDP Grew by 5.01% YoY in Q2 2021 from 0.51% in Q1 2021

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Thursday, August 26, 2021 08:30 AM / by NBS/ Header Image Credit:  NBS

 

Overview of GDP in Quarter One 2021

Nigeria's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by 5.01%(year-on-year) in real terms in the second quarter of 2021, marking three consecutive quarters of growth following the negative growth rates recorded in the second and third quarters of 2020. The Q2 2021 growth rate was higher than the -6.10% growth rate recorded in Q2 2020 and the 0.51% recorded in Q1 2021 year on year, indicating the return of business and economic activity near levels seen prior to the nationwide implementation of COVID-19 related restrictions. The steady recovery observed since the end of 2020, with the gradual return of commercial activity as well as local and international travel, accounted for the significant increase in growth performance relative to the second quarter of 2020 when nationwide restrictions took effect. Year to date, real GDP grew 2.70% in 2021 compared to -2.18% for the first half of 2020. Nevertheless, quarter on quarter, real GDP grew at -0.79% in Q2 2021 compared to Q1 2021, reflecting slightly slower economic activity than the preceding quarter due largely to seasonality.

 

In the quarter under review, aggregate GDP stood at N39,123,713.32 million in nominal terms, higher than the second quarter of 2020 with aggregate GDP of N34,023,197.60 million, indicating a year on year nominal growth rate of 14.99%. The nominal GDP growth rate in Q2 2021 was higher than -2.80% growth recorded in the second quarter of 2020 when economic activities slowed sharply at the outset of the pandemic. The Q2 2021 nominal growth rate was also higher than 12.25% growth recorded in Q1 2021. For better clarity, the Nigerian economy has been classified broadly into the oil and non-oil sectors (Figure 1).

 

Figure 1: Real GDP growth rate

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The Oil Sector

 In the second quarter of 2021, average daily oil production stood at 1.61 million barrels per day (mbpd), which is -0.19mbpd lower than the average daily production of 1.81mbpd recorded in the same quarter of 2020 and -0.10mbpd lower than the 1.72mbpd recorded in the first quarter of 2021 (Figure2).



Figure 2: Crude Oil Output (MBPD)

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Real growth of the oil sector was -12.65% (year-on-year) in Q2 2021 indicating a decrease of -6.02% points relative to the growth rate recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2020. Growth decreased by -10.44% points when compared to Q1 2021 which was -2.21%. For the first half of 2021, real GDP was recorded at -7.13%, compared to -0.80% for the first half of 2020, the performance reflecting lower oil output. Quarter-on-quarter, the oil sector recorded a growth rate of -20.35% in Q2 2021.  The Oil sector contributed 7.42% to total real GDP in Q2 2021, down from figures recorded in the corresponding period of 2020 and down compared to the preceding quarter, where it contributed 8.93% and 9.25% respectively. 

 

The non-oil sector grew by 6.74% in real terms during the reference quarter (Q2 2021). The Q2 2021 growth rate was higher by 12.80% points compared to the rate recorded in the same quarter of 2020 and 5.95% points higher than the first quarter of 2021. During the quarter, the sector was driven mainly by growth in Trade, Information and Communication (Telecommunication), Transportation (Road Transport), Electricity, Agriculture (Crop Production) and Manufacturing (Food, Beverage & Tobacco), reflecting the easing of movement, business and economic activity across the country relative to the same period a year earlier. In real terms, the Non-Oil sector contributed 92.58% to the nation’s GDP in the second quarter of 2021, higher from shares recorded in the second quarter of 2020 which was 91.07% and the first quarter of 2021 recorded as 90.75%. 

 

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Click Here to Download Q2 2021 GDP PDF Report


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Latest 2021 NBS Reports

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 Q3 2021

1.      Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - July 2021

2.     Headline Inflation Increases by 17.38% YoY in July 2021, 0.37% Lower Than June 2021 Rate - NBS

3.     N472.07bn Generated as Company Income Tax in Q2 2021, Increases by 17.42% YoY - NBS

4.     N512.25bn Generated as VAT in Q2 2021, Increases by 3.20% QoQ - NBS

5.     Total Value of Capital Imported into Nigeria in Q2 2021 Declined by 54% QoQ - NBS

6.     Average Fare Paid for Bus Journey Increased by 2.80% MoM in June 2021 - NBS

7.     Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Increased by 13.92% YoY in June 2021 - NBS

8.     Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - June 2021

9.     Headline Inflation Increases by 17.75% YoY in June 2021, 0.18% Lower Than May 2021 Rate - NBS



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Q2 2021

1.      All Commodity Group Import Index Increased by 0.82% in Q1 2021 - NBS

2.     424,460 Passengers Travelled Via Rail in Q1 2021 - NBS

3.     37.67% of Nigeria's Total Public Debt Was External as of Q1 2021 - NBS

4.     Average Price of 1kg of Rice Increased by 0.65% MoM to N544.09 in May 2021

5.     Average Fare Paid by Passengers for Water Transport Increased by 0.99% MoM to N828.35 in May 2021

6.     Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - May 2021

7.     Headline Inflation Increases by 17.93% YoY In May 2021, 0.19% Lower Than April 2021 Rate - NBS

8.     FAAC Disburses N640.31bn in February 2021 - NBS

9.     Active Voice Subscribers Declined by -5.96% QoQ in Q1 2021 - NBS

10.  Nigeria's Merchandise Trade Deficit Deepens in Q1 2021 Due to Rising Imports

11.   Average Prices of 1kg of Tomato Increased by 0.09% YoY in April 2021 - NBS

12.  Average Fare Paid by Commuters for Intercity Bus Journey Increased by 1.48% MoM in April 2021 - NBS

13.  Nigeria's Real GDP Grew by 0.51% YoY in Q1 2021 - NBS

14.  Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - April 2021

15.  Headline Inflation Increases by 18.12% YoY In April 2021, 0.05% Lower Than March 2021 Rate - NBS

16.  416 Movies Produced in Q1 2021 - NBS

17.  N392.77bn Generated as CIT in Q1 2021 - NBS

18.  N496.39bn Generated as VAT in Q1 2021 - NBS

19.  Banking Sector Records 3.46bn Volume of Transaction in Q4 2020 - NBS

20. Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Decreased by -0.64% MoM in March 2021 - NBS

21.  Average Fare for Bus Journey Within City Increased by 4.42% MoM in March 2021 - NBS

22. N1.31trn Generated as IGR in 2020 - NBS

23. Headline Inflation Increases by 18.17% YoY In March 2021, 0.82% Higher Than February 2021 Rate - NBS

24. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - March 2021

25. Real Household Consumption Expenditure Growth Rate Stood at 0.18% in 2020 - NBS

26. All Commodity Group Import Index Grew By 0.13% in Q4 2020 - NBS

27. 38.60% of Nigeria's Total Public Debt Was External in Q4 2020 - NBS

 

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Q1 2021

28. Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Increased by 11.33% YoY in February 2021 - NBS

29. Average Fare Paid by Commuters for Intercity Journey Increased by 1.13% MoM in February 2021 - NBS

30. FAAC Disburses N619.34bn in January 2021 - NBS

31.  Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - February 2021

32. Active Voice Subscribers Declined by -0.32% QoQ in Q4 2020 - NBS

33. Headline Inflation Increases by 17.33% YoY In February 2021, 0.86% Higher Than January 2021 Rate

34. Nigeria's Unemployment Rate Increases to 33.3% in Q4 2020 from 27.1% in Q2 2020 - NBS

35. Total Trade Higher By 8.9% in Q4 2020, Lower By 10.3% in FY 2020

36. Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Decreased by -6.59% MoM in January 2021

37. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - January 2021

38. Nigeria Exits Recession, Real GDP Grew by 0.11% in Q4 and -1.92% in Full Year 2020

39. Headline Inflation Increases by 16.47% YoY In January 2021, 0.71% Higher Than December 2020 Rate

40. FAAC Disburses N2.49trn to FG and N2.30trn to States in Year 2020 - NBS

41.  FAAC Disburses N601.11bn in December 2020 - NBS

42. FAAC Disburses N604.00bn in November 2020 - NBS

43. Total Value of Capital Importation into Nigeria Stood at US$1,069.68m in Q4 2020 - NBS

44. N295.72bn Generated as Company Income Tax in Q4 2020 - NBS

45. N454.69bn Generated as Value Added Tax in Q4 2020 - NBS

46. Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Increases by 17.51% YoY in December 2020 - NBS

47. Average Air Fare Increases by 18.54% YoY in December 2020 - NBS

48. Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - December 2020

49. Headline Inflation Increases by 15.75% YoY In December 2020, 0.86% Higher Than November 2020 Rate

50. 62.18% of Nigeria's Total Public Debt as of Q3 2020 Was Domestic - NBS

51.  Active Voice Subscribers Grew by 4.59% in Q3 2020 - NBS



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