Nigeria Exits Recession, Real GDP Grew by 0.11% in Q4 and -1.92% in Full Year 2020


Thursday, February 18, 2021 02:00 PM / by NBS/ Header Image Credit:  NBS


Overview of GDP in Quarter Four 2020

Nigeria's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by 0.11%(year-on-year) in real terms in the fourth quarter of 2020, representing the first positive quarterly growth in the last three quarters. Though weak, the positive growth reflects the gradual return of economic activities following the easing of restricted movements and limited local and international commercial activities in the preceding quarters. As a result, while the Q4 2020 growth rate was lower than growth rate recorded the previous year by -2.44% points, it was higher by 3.74% points compared to Q3 2020. On a quarter on quarter basis, real GDP growth was 9.68% indicating a second positive consecutive quarter on quarter real growth rate in 2020 after two negative quarters. Overall, in 2020, the annual growth of real GDP was estimated at -1.92%, a decline of -4.20% points when compared to the 2.27% recorded in 2019.


In the quarter under review, aggregate GDP stood at   N43,564,006.29 million in nominal terms. This performance is higher when compared to the fourth quarter of 2019 which recorded a GDP aggregate of N39,577,340.04 million, representing a year on year nominal growth rate of 10.07%. This growth rate was lower relative to growth recorded in the fourth quarter of 2019 by -2.26% points but higher than the preceding quarter by 6.68% points with growth rates recorded at 12.34% and 3.39% respectively. For better clarity, the Nigerian economy has been classified broadly into the oil and non-oil sectors. (Figure 1):


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The Oil Sector

In the fourth quarter of 2020,  an average daily oil production of 1.56 million barrels per day (mbpd) was recorded. This was lower than the daily average production of 2.00mbpd recorded in the same quarter of 2019 by -0.44mbpd and the third quarter of 2020 by -0.11mbpd. (Figure2).


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Real growth of the oil sector was -19.76%  (year-on-year) in Q4 2020 indicating a decrease by -26.12% points relative to the rate recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2019. Growth decreased by -5.87% points when compared to Q3 2020. Quarter-on-quarter, the oil sector recorded a growth rate of -26.27% in Q4 2020.  For 2020, the oil sector grew at -8.89% compared to 4.59% in 2019. The oil sector contributed 5.87% to total real GDP in Q4 2020, down from the corresponding period of 2019 and the preceding quarter, where it contributed 7.32% and 8.73% respectively. 


The Non-Oil Sector

The non-oil sector grew by 1.69% in real terms in Q4 2020, slower than the 2.26% recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2019, but better than the -2.51% growth rate recorded in the preceding quarter. For the full  year of 2020 however, the non-oil sector grew -1.25% compared to 2.06% in 2019. Growth in the sector was driven by Information and Communication (Telecommunications & Broadcasting). Other drivers were Agriculture (Crop Production), Real Estate, Manufacturing (Food, Beverage & Tobacco), Mining and Quarrying (Quarrying and other Minerals), and Construction, accounting for positive GDP. In real terms, the Non-Oil sector contributed 94.13% to the nation’s GDP in the fourth quarter of 2020, higher than the share recorded in the fourth quarter of 2019 (92.68%)  and the third quarter of 2020 (91.27%).  For 2020, the Non-Oil sector contributed 91.84% to real GDP, higher than 91.22% recorded in 2019.


Click Here to Download Q4 & FY 2020 GDP PDF Report

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Latest 2021 NBS Reports

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Q1 2021

1.      Headline Inflation Increases by 16.47% YoY In January 2021, 0.71% Higher Than December 2020 Rate

2.     FAAC Disburses N2.49trn to FG and N2.30trn to States in Year 2020 - NBS

3.     FAAC Disburses N601.11bn in December 2020 - NBS

4.     FAAC Disburses N604.00bn in November 2020 - NBS

5.     Total Value of Capital Importation into Nigeria Stood at US$1,069.68m in Q4 2020 - NBS

6.     N295.72bn Generated as Company Income Tax in Q4 2020 - NBS

7.     N454.69bn Generated as Value Added Tax in Q4 2020 - NBS

8.     Average Price of 1kg of Tomato Increases by 17.51% YoY in December 2020 - NBS

9.     Average Air Fare Increases by 18.54% YoY in December 2020 - NBS

10.  Average Prices of PMS, AGO, HHK and Cooking Gas - December 2020

11.   Headline Inflation Increases by 15.75% YoY In December 2020, 0.86% Higher Than November 2020 Rate

12.  62.18% of Nigeria's Total Public Debt as of Q3 2020 Was Domestic - NBS

13.  Active Voice Subscribers Grew by 4.59% in Q3 2020 - NBS


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