Saturday, July 15,
2017 03.45PM / FDC
Headline inflation is expected to decline marginally to 16.1% in June from 16.25% in the previous month. This will be the 5th consecutive month of inflationary decline in 2017.
If our forecast is correct, month-on-month inflation is expected to dip dramatically to 20.98% (annualized) from 25.05% in May, as with most analysts including Proshare economists.
Food prices remain static despite expectations of a bountiful harvest and rainfall. Diesel prices have declined and are expected to decline further with time.
FDC anticipates that fierce competition amongst manufacturers and retailers will force down prices in the coming months.
In the analysis below,
the FDC Think-Tank analyses inflationary pressures in the economy.
Year-on-Year headline inflation is expected to decline
marginally to 16.1% for the month of June from 16.25% in May, on the backdrop
of exchange rate gains and waning base year effects. By this time in 2016, most
of the aberrational events had settled, thus making the base year impact
The annualized month-on-month inflation, however, dipped sharply to 20.98% from 25.05% in May. The monthly decline was actually 0.28% to 1.6% in June as against a surge to 1.88% recorded in May.
Conventional logic suggests that price inflation in
Nigeria has been a function of exchange rate volatility. However, in the past
few months, the naira has appreciated by 42.08% in the parallel market but
manufacturers have failed to pass through the benefits to consumers in the form
of lower prices. Therefore we notice a slowdown in price change but no
significant decline in the general price level.
The food basket, which is both exchange rate sensitive
and seasonal, has remained relatively flat. This is primarily as a result of
the planting season, shortages, limited purchasing power and consumer
illiquidity. This basket is also responsive to the price of diesel, a major
factor in distribution and logistics costs. The price of diesel dropped sharply
in June to an average of N160/ltr. Also, storage of perishables is better when
temperatures are low, which increases the shelf life of products. The average
temperature in Nigeria in June has been 79° Fahrenheit.
In general, we see a tapering in the price level due to a combination of
factors, notably a stable naira, declining price of diesel, harvest season and
switching consumer preferences. We believe that we may be entering into a
period of lower consumer prices, as competitive pressures amongst manufacturers
and retailers intensify.
This trend is reinforced by huge carrying costs due to a high interest
A risk that continues to linger is the
likely difficulty the CBN may face in supporting interventions in the FX
market. Oil prices are expected to sustain a degree of unpredictability, which
could mean bad news for Nigeria’s FX receipts. In addition, talks about an
imposition of a cap on Nigeria’s oil production have surfaced. In the event that
this manifests, FX receipts and fiscal revenues will decline and will in turn
affect the level of FX interventions and budgetary spending.