Monday, January 18, 2021 / 9:20 PM / by Cowrywise / Header Image Credit: Twitter; @cowrywise
10 Years of Mutual Funds in Nigeria (2011-2020)
Within the past 10 years, the total value of mutual funds in Nigeria grew by 1,927%! That's solid progress. In 2011, the total value was N74 billion and that grew to N1.5 trillion in 2020. This simply means that more people are starting to invest in mutual funds, and we have made this easier as the number 1 retailer of mutual funds. On Cowrywise, you access the highest variety of mutual funds anywhere in Nigeria.
Speaking of variety, investors now have 108 choices to pick from. In 2011, that number sat at 43. What's more interesting? Cowrywise offers 18% of these mutual funds and we'll add more this year. You might be wondering how people get to choose which fund to go with when they have so many options? For investors who use Cowrywise, they get to take a recommendation test for free. Based on the results, we match them with the best-fit funds.
How Mutual Funds in 2020 Performed
The star funds in terms of returns were equity and bond funds. As I stated earlier, 2020 was a year of oxymorons. When it became evident that the money market was not going to break-up its relationship with low returns, people moved towards equities and boom!
The boom was so strong that on the 12th of November, 2020, Bloomberg released an article with this headline: "Nigerian Stocks Surge Most Since 2015, Trigger Circuit Breaker". What does this mean? There was a shocking amount of trades in the stock exchange that day. So much that the market had to take a break.
Based on this, we saw a rise in the returns of equity mutual funds. Remember, these are funds that invest in equities or stocks. They are managed by professionals who help select stocks to earn investors the best possible returns.
On the other hand, the consistent drop in treasury bills-a major component of money market funds-led to a drop in their returns. Imagine dropping from as high as 12% per annum to 1% per annum? You don't need to imagine because it actually happened.
However, there was a funny moment with treasury bills last year; when the rates turned negative. One would expect that this would have chased investors away, but that didn't happen. Rather, people were willing to pay the government to borrow from them.
In all, investors on Cowrywise earned as high as 20% on their Naira and dollar investments. Let's see the top funds for each category in 2020.
Top Money Market Funds
Money market funds are mutual funds that invest primarily in money market instruments like treasury bills. Based on assets under management, the money market funds which grew the most were:
Based on returns, these were the top 3 money market funds:
Top Fixed Income Funds
This type of mutual funds invest cash in fixed income instruments. Bonds are the most common types of fixed income funds. In this category, we have two sub categories-Naira fixed income funds and eurobonds (popularly referred to as dollar funds). Last year, the top 3 Naira bond funds, based on growth of assets, were:
United Fixed Income Fund (grew by 2,681%)
Zenith Fixed Income Fund (grew by 1,589%)
Stanbic IBTC Bond Fund (grew by 1,189%)
While for dollar funds, the fastest growing, based on assets, were:
United Capital Eurobond Fund (grew by 122%)
FBN Nigerian Eurobond Fund (grew by 73%)
Legacy USD Bond Fund (grew by 70%)
How did these funds perform? Check this:
Top Mixed Funds
This is the salad of mutual funds. They usually invest in a mix of bonds and equities. For 2020, the fastest growing mixed funds, based on assets, were:
And they dished out beautiful returns. Check out the top 3:
Top Equity Mutual Funds in 2020
As stated earlier, the Nigerian stock market was contrarian last year. When markets fell across the world, it picked up and in turn boosted the performances of equity mutual funds. Equity funds with the highest growth in assets were:
Investors with these funds had a good year. Here are the top three funds based on earnings:
Top Ethical Funds
These funds invest in screened instruments. For example, there are ethical funds that do not invest in the stocks of gun manufacturers. They present an ideal way for everyone to invest-including Muslims. These three ethical funds were the fastest growing in 2020:
Their returns were quite decent. The top 3 based on returns were:
What else happened in 2020