What To Expect From The Markets This Week - 091120


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Nigeria: Economic Dashboard @ 081120  

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Source:  Cordros Weekly Economic and Market Report - November 06, 2020

Global Economy 

Final October estimates by IHS Markit for the Eurozone showed continued improvement in the manufacturing sector amid deteriorating activities in the service sector. Specifically, the manufacturing PMI (+1.1 point m/m to 54.8 points) rose to the highest level in 27 months on account of a surge in new orders, reflective of continued gains from the relaxation of lockdown measures. Elsewhere, the services business activity index (-1.1 points m/m to 46.9 points) swung to a 5-month low as the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic hit consumer-facing service providers. Overall, the composite PMI stood at 50.0 points (vs. September: 50.4 points), due to the impact of stuttering activity in the service sector. The October composite PMI is the weakest since the expansion began four months ago, suggesting the recent resurgence in Covid-19 cases is beginning to hurt activities. Given the rekindling of lockdown measures in the more significant parts of the region, we expect activities in the service sector to slow down, prolonging the recovery process of the region.

The U.S. Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), in its latest Monetary Policy Meeting, elected to maintain the key interest rate near zero (0% - 0.25%) and stated that it would maintain that level till inflation rate rises to and consistently exceeds 2%, and the economy gravitates towards full employment level. Apart from stressing the need for more fiscal stimulus, we note that the tone of the meeting was almost unchanged when compared with the September meeting, as the committee refrained from providing new guidance, which in our view, is aimed at assessing the outcome of the election. With the election results tilting towards a divided legislature even as economic activity remains well below the pre-pandemic levels, we think hopes for a massive fiscal stimulus remains limited. This could put pressure on the FOMC to expand its current holdings of Treasury securities and agency mortgage-backed securities to support the economy.

Global Markets

Global stocks stumbled as investors were rattled by a new wave of COVID-19 lockdown measures which threatened a benign economic recovery, outweighing better-than-expected Q3-2020 earnings released during the week. In the US, the DJIA (-5.9%) and S&P (-4.5%) were on track for another weekly loss, as earnings-driven rebound on Thursday which waned on Friday failed to wipe off losses accumulated earlier in the week due to coronavirus fears and election uncertainty. In Europe, the STOXX Europe (-6.3%) and FTSE 100 (-5.4%) were on track to close the week in the red, as the tightening of restrictions on economic activities in Germany and France sparked sell-offs despite better than expected growth figures for the bloc economy in the third quarter. Asian (Nikkei 225: -2.3%; SSE: -1.6%) markets were poised to end the week in the negative territory as investor sentiment was laced with a tapestry of altering global economic outlooks and jitters over the U.S presidential election. Emerging market (MSCI EM: -2.7%) stocks were broadly bearish following losses in Brazil (-4.6%) due to COVID concerns while Frontier markets (MSCI FM: -0.5%) were down following losses in Vietnam (-3.7%).  




The Minister of Finance disclosed that Nigeria's public debt profile may hit NGN38.68 trillion by December 2021 (2020E: NGN32.51 trillion). This translates to expected borrowing of NGN6.71 trillion, which is 18.7% greater than the deficit (NGN5.20 trillion) in the proposed 2021 budget. We suspect this might be due to the FGN's expectation of a substantially lower revenue compared to the projected revenue (NGN7.88 trillion) due to the soft macroeconomic conditions, particularly in the non-oil sector. Given the continued rise in public borrowing amid underperformance in revenue targets, debt/service ratio is likely to deteriorate raising concerns on debt sustainability. In 8M-20, we note that 84.9% of total revenue (NGN2.52 trillion) was used in servicing debts, suggesting the FGN must have relied on borrowing to meet recurrent expenditure. As such, we think there is an urgent need for the government to implement fiscal consolidation measures while alleviating structural constraints in the business environment to enhance economic activities.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), the total amount of VAT generated in Q3-20 increased by 29.8% q/q to NGN424.71 billion, bringing 9M-20 VAT to NGN1.08 trillion (9M-19: NGN876.10 billion). While the 50% increase in the VAT rate which took effect in February 2020 led to the 22.9% y/y growth in VAT collected in 9M-20, we believe the gradual pickup in economic activities in Q3-20 was responsible for the 29.8% q/q growth in the review period. On a sectoral basis, we note that other manufacturing generated NGN47.07 billion - the highest amount, followed by the Professional Services (NGN44.01 billion) and Commercial and Trading (NGN21.18 billion). Taking into cognisance the impact of the #EndSARs protests and the ensuing social unrest which affected commercial activities, we still expect VAT to show improvement in Q4-20, underpinned by gains from the hike in the VAT rate and increased spending related to the festive season. 

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Capital Markets



The bullish momentum in the local bourse lost steam as investors took a breather to digest corporate earnings released thus far. In terms of activity levels, volume grew by 8.2% w/w while value declined 4.1% w/w. Supported by gains on the second (+0.8%) and last trading (+0.9%) days, the All-Share Index crawled above the 31,000 points psychological mark, closing at 31,016.17 points. Notably, investors' interest in DANGCEM (+9.1%), DANGSUGAR (+19.6%), and GUARANTY (+3.1%) drove the benchmark index 1.6% higher, its seventh-consecutive weekly gain. The MTD return stood at 1.6% while the YTD return for index grew to 15.6%. Performance across sectors was broadly positive. Save for the Oil and Gas (-0.8%) which declined, the Industrial (+2.9%), Banking (+2.2%), Insurance (+1.3%) and Consumer Goods (+0.6%) indices closed in the green.        

As the Q3 earnings season winds down, we expect investors to shift their attention to yet to be published results from the big banks (FUGAZ) in the week ahead. In the short term, we still see scope for expansion in valuation multiples as hunt for alpha-yielding opportunities in the face of increasingly negative real returns in the fixed income market remain positive for stocks. However, we advise investors to take positions in only fundamentally justified stocks as the weak macro environment remains a significant headwind for corporate earnings.

Fixed Income and Money Market 

Money Market

This week, the overnight (OVN) rate closed higher, expanding by 515 bps w/w, to 6.4% as outflows for FX, OMO (NGN90.00 billion) auction, and CRR debits towards the end of the week offset inflows from OMO maturities (NGN224.45 billion) and FX retail refunds.

In the coming week, barring any liquidity shocks, we expect the OVN rate to remain in single-digit territory.

Treasury Bills

Trading activities in the Treasury bills secondary market picked up this week, as the average yield across all instruments contracted by 17bps to 0.3%. Most of the demand in the market was recorded at the OMO segment (average yield declined by 27bps to 0.2%) as local participants redirected ample liquidity towards mid and long tenor instruments. At the NTB secondary market, notwithstanding the quiet trading activity, the average yield in the segment declined by 4bps to 0.2%, as retail demand supported proceedings in the space.

We still maintain our view for weak demand for T-bills, given the rock bottom yields in the space. Also, we expect the focus to be on the primary market, where the CBN will be rolling over NGN147.82 billion of the maturing bills.


The Treasury bonds secondary market continued to trade with bullish sentiments, as the buoyant liquidity in the system drove sentiments. We note that through the week, the market remained bid with persistent demand and no sufficient offers. Consequently, the average yield across instruments contracted by 15bps to 3.9%. Across the benchmark curve, duration apathy continues to drive interest in instruments on the short (-72bps) end of the curve, as investors were quite keen on MAR-2024 (-172bps) and JAN-2022 (-136bps) bonds. Further down the curve, average yield expanded at the mid (+3bps) and long (+7bps) segments, following sell-offs of the FEB-2028 (+25bps) and MAR-2050 (+18bps) bonds, respectively.

In the coming week, we still expect the Treasury bonds secondary market to remain bullish, considering the relatively higher returns on instruments in the space.

Foreign Exchange

Nigeria's FX reserves decreased by USD36.05 million w/w to USD35.65 billion, as outflows for CBN's interventions across the various FX windows pressured the reserves. Across the windows, the naira closed flat against the US dollar at NGN386.00 at the I&E window (YTD: -5.6%), while it weakened by 0.4% to NGN464.00/USD in the parallel market (YTD: -22.0%). In the Forwards market, the naira weakened in the 3-month (-0.2% to NGN387.37/USD) contract, strengthened in the 1-year (+0.8% to NGN389.81/USD) contract, and remained flat in the 1-month (NGN386.35/USD) and 6-month (NGN388.41/USD) contracts.

Going forward, we expect CBN's FX management strategies to continue supporting the naira at its current level at the official and I&E windows. However, we believe the parallel market rate will remain volatile and continue to trade above the CBN's Relative Purchasing Power Parity (RPPP) of NGN433.64/USD and our REER fair value estimate of NGN453.67/USD at the current level of intervention in the FX market.

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Latest Reports This Past Week

1.      Covid Related Reports

2.     N424.71bn Generated as VAT in Q3 2020 - NBS

3.     FAAC Disburses N682.06bn in September 2020 - NBS

4.     Average Prices of 1kg of Rice Increased By 39.07% YoY in September 2020 - NBS

5.     Average Prices of 1kg of Rice Increased By 39.07% YoY in September 2020 - NBS

6.     Average Fare Paid for Intercity Bus Increased By 24.30% YoY in September 2020 - NBS

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