Consumer Confidence Index in West Africa Declines, Reflects Global Uncertainty - Nielsen

Proshare

Tuesday, July 07, 2020 / 11:13 AM / Content & Header Image by Nielsen

 

Against the backdrop of the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, West African consumer sentiment has experienced a sharp drop in the Nielsen Consumer Confidence Index (CCI) for Quarter 2, 2020. Ghana's figures show a substantial decrease of 15 points to 104, while Nigeria's CCI has decreased by 14 points to 108.


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.

 

Looking at Ghana's performance, Yannick Nkembe, Market Lead for Nielsen West Africa Expanded Market, comments; "The latest consumer sentiments reflect the market reality. With the global pandemic affecting the economy and causing general uncertainty all around, consumers have readjusted their confidence levels and are also more cautious with their spend."

 

Ghanaians have significantly dropped their outlook around their job prospects, with less than half (45%) saying they will be good or excellent in the next 12 months - a 16 point decrease from the previous quarter. In terms of the state of their personal finances over the next 12 months, 60% say they are excellent or good, again a substantial 16 point drop from the previous quarter.

 

Ghanaians propensity to purchase has also seen a considerable decrease quarter on quarter, with the number of those who think now is a good or excellent time to purchase what they want or need drop from 52% to 33% in the second quarter.

 

Only 43% of Ghanaians say they have spare cash, down 13 points from the previous quarter. Once they meet their essential living expenses, the highest number of consumers (74%) put their spare cash into savings, followed by 73% on home improvements/decorating and 56% who would invest in stocks and mutual funds. One of the most significant drops in discretionary spending is on holidays down from 58% to 27% - a clear indicator of consumers' mindset shift away from non-essential services and their desire to avoid unnecessary travel.

 

Reality Bites

When asked whether they had changed their spending to save on household expenses compared to this time last year, 75% said yes, up seven points from the previous quarter. To reduce expenses, 53% said they spent less on new clothes, 52% on out of home entertainment, with the same figure deferring on the replacement of major household items.

 

When looking at the real-life factors that are affecting their outlook, the top consumer concerns over the next twelve months were increasing food prices (29%), followed by work/life balance (23%) and their children's education (22%). Nkembe comments; "Ghana has previously experienced strong business prospects and with the relatively earlier easing of restrictions to stimulate its economy, recovery in Ghana is likely to rebound sooner. We expect consumers to revert to previous consumption behaviours, although some of their attitudes will have fundamentally or permanently changed post the pandemic."

 

Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.


Subdued Sentiment in Nigeria

In tandem with the rest of the world, Nigeria's CCI figure dropped by 14 points. Commenting on the reasons for this, Nielsen Nigeria MD Ged Nooy says; "As Africa's largest economy and the largest exporter of oil, Nigeria's economy was already under immense pressure before the COVID-19 lockdown due to the collapse in international oil prices. Based on the additional economic pressure as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Nigeria, therefore, instituted a fairly early easing of its 5-week lockdown in early May due to the adverse financial effects on its economy and population."

 

Looking at the consumer picture during this time (Quarter 2, 2020) Nigerian job prospects declined with less than half viewing them as excellent or good, a 14 point drop from the previous quarter. Nigerians' sentiment around the state of their personal finances also showed a decline with 59% who think they will be excellent or good over the next year, having decreased 19 points from the previous quarter. Immediate-spending intentions also declined, with only a third of the respondents saying "now is a good or excellent time to purchase" what they want or need, a 14 point drop from the previous quarter.

 

In terms of whether Nigerians have spare cash to spend, 32% said yes, versus 50% in the previous quarter. When we look at Nigerians spending priorities, once they have met their essential living expenses, 81% said they would put their spare cash into savings, 73% said home improvements and decorating and 66% would invest in shares/mutual funds.

 

Seventy-six per cent of Nigerians said they had changed their spending to save on household expenses compared to this time last year. To reduce expenses, 67% said they had delayed the replacement of major household items (a 10 point increase on the previous quarter). Sixty-four per cent said they would spend less on new clothes and 56% said less out of home entertainment - both of which are understandable given ongoing restricted living patterns.

 

In the next 12 months, Nigerians said their top concern would be attaining a work/life balance (31%), which has seen the biggest increase of eight points compared to the previous quarter. This is followed by increasing food prices (23%) and concerns over the economy (19%).

 

Elaborating on these results, Nooy says; "Economic recovery has been sluggish and will remain severely constricted due to the oil price crash amidst and beyond the pandemic. For Nigeria's manufacturing and retail sectors to rebound will require a sharp focus, as trade opportunities and execution remains severely constrained, having further deteriorated during the partially restricted living period."

 

ABOUT THE CONSUMER CONFIDENCE AND SPENDING INTENTIONS SURVEY: The Nielsen Consumer Confidence and Spending Intentions survey was conducted from 27-28 May 20202 in Kenya, Ghana, and Nigeria among 1 500 respondents, using mobile methodology. The sample has quotas based on age and gender for each country.

 

Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.

 

Related News

1.       Nigerian Retail and Consumer Landscape May Never be the Same Again - Nielsen

2.      E-commerce, Still Vast Room for Growth

3.      How Online Nigerian Business Can Obtain (and Retain) Customers

4.      5 Things to Know Ahead of Black Friday

5.      NBA Star, Andre Iguodala Optimistic Of Growth Opportunities In Nigeria's E-Commerce Market

6.      Magento: The E-Commerce Little Helper

7.      MTN Plans Sale of Jumia Stake After Agreed Lock-In

8.     What Makes Africa's Largest E-commerce Platform African?

9.      Jumia: African E-Commerce Platform Files For An Estimated $500m US IPO, Plans To List On The NYSE

10.  China Isn't Apple's Only Problem

11.   Brick-and-Mortar Is Just Getting Started

12.  Investing in the Future of Nigeria with an Online Sales Platform

13.  Singapore Govt Invites Jumia CEO to Speak on Digital Economy and Consumerism in Africa

14.  Jumia Releases 2017 Financial Result; Highlights

15.  Blockchain Platform Prepares To Test Cryptocurrency Payment System In Major Shopping Mall

16.  Dream Merchants In Uncertain Times

17.   The Retail Revolution and The Place of The Consumer

18.  E-Commerce Platforms Closing Down in Nigeria: Models or Market Environment

19.  Zinox Acquires Konga in Landmark Industry Deal 


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.


Proshare Nigeria Pvt. Ltd.

READ MORE:
Related News
SCROLL TO TOP