January 20, 2021 / 8:26 AM / By NSE / Header Image Credit: Twitter; @nsenigeria
The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE or The Exchange) hosted its annual 2020 Market Recap and 2021 Outlook today, 19 January 2021.
This annual event is a forum for The Exchange to review its performance in the just-concluded year and expert predictions for the Nigerian capital market in 2021. It featured presentations from the Chief Executive Officer, NSE, Mr. Oscar N. Onyema, OON, and the Managing Director, Chief Economist, Africa and Middle East, Global Research, Standard Chartered Bank, Ms. Razia Khan, who provided insights into the global macroeconomic environment and the outlook and opportunities in the Nigerian capital market.
Delivering his presentation, Mr. Onyema stated, "The year 2020 was indeed a historic one for global capital markets. Facing buffeting headwinds, world markets saw sharp swings and steep losses but largely remained resilient and orderly amid rising uncertainty. For The Exchange, renewed investor optimism coupled with improved economic conditions and low fixed income yields propelled a year-end bull run. Of 93 global equity indices tracked by Bloomberg, the NSE All-Share Index (ASI) emerged as the best-performing index in the world, surpassing the S&P 500 (+16.26%), Dow Jones Industrial Index (+7.25%), and other global and African market indexes, to post a one-year return of +50.03%".
Key highlights of his presentation are as follows:
Global Capital Market
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (Covid-19) and its rapid spread across the globe in the first quarter of the year triggered panic selling by global investors. According to the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE), global capital markets lost USD 18 trillion due to the pandemic over the course of February and March 2020 alone. However, diverging from grim economic projections, global markets saw a rebound following the sharp drop in March, as many indicators recovered to pre-pandemic levels by June 2020, fuelled by extraordinary stimulus packages, monetary policy actions, and public health responses from world governments and economic actors.
The Nigerian equities market got off to a strong start in 2020, returning 10.4% by the eighth trading session. By October, the equities market entered a much awaited bull run. Buoyed by the formal declaration of the U.S president-elect, unattractive fixed income yields, and better-than-expected corporate earnings, the NSE ASI recovered from Q1'20, to close the year at 40,270.72 (+50.03%) and erase losses of -14.90% recorded in 2019. During its remarkable year-end run, the ASI gained 6.23% in a single trading session which triggered a 30-minute halt of trading on all stocks for the first time since the NSE Circuit Breaker was introduced in 2016 to safeguard market integrity in periods of extraordinary volatility.
At the close of the year, the NSE's equity market capitalization was up by 62.42%, from N12.97 trillion in 2019 to N21.06 trillion in 2020 while market turnover saw an uptick of 7.25%, from N0.96Tn in 2019 to N1.03Tn in 2020. Although Initial Public Offering activity was mute, the value of supplementary issues increased dramatically from 2019, rising by 851.37% to N1.42 trillion, from N148.77 billion. Also noteworthy is that for the second consecutive year, equity market transactions were dominated by domestic investors who accounted for 65.28% of market turnover by value (Retail: 44.98%; Institutional: 55.02%) while foreign portfolio investors accounted for 34.72%.
Capital-raising activities in the fixed income market increased significantly in 2020. The NSE's bond market capitalization rose by 35.52% from N12.92 trillion in 2019 to N17.50 trillion. Continuing the trend in recent years, the Federal Government of Nigeria dominated issuances, raising over N2.36 trillion which comprised ~92% of total bond issuances. Corporates also leveraged the low yield environment to fund expansion objectives and pursue debt refinancing, raising a total of N192 billion.
Some of the ground breaking achievements for the year include:
The NSE Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) market experienced its best year yet. Market capitalization increased by 272.30% from N6.58 billion recorded in 2019 to N24.51 billion in 2020 while trade volumes increased by 218.23% from 4.15 million units in 2019 to 13.20 million units in 2020, and turnover skyrocketed by 51,830.59%. These achievements can be attributed to several factors including:
The NEWGOLD ETF, which tracks the price of gold and offers investors the opportunity to invest in a listed instrument that is backed by a gold bullion and serves as a good currency hedge, was the best performing ETF for the second year running as it returned 66.03% in 2020, reflecting investors' continued preference for risk-backed securities.
Strategic Performance of NSE
In terms of the strategic performance of The Exchange, several milestones were recorded in 2020 as follows:
The Exchange sustained its thought leadership and advocacy role in the capital market evidenced by the:
Corporate Citizenship Development
In upholding its key pillars of sustainability, The NSE:
Outlook for 2021
Looking ahead, Onyema said, "The year has started on a positive note as the ASI has already returned 2.0% after 11 trading sessions. We expect the marginal reopening of businesses, normalization of the economy and revenue-diversification drive of the Nigerian government to elicit positive sentiments throughout the year. Our growth expectations should be noted with caution, as the recent second wave of COVID-19 in Nigeria and globally, may slow down renewed social and economic activities".
As the NSE transitions to a demutualised exchange group, the appointments of Mr. Temi Popoola as the CEO of NGX and Ms. Tinuade Awe as CEO of NGX REGCO were recently announced. The NSE believes that these appointments will support its vision to be "Africa's preferred Exchange Hub" and looks forward to consolidating on the benefits of demutualization in the coming year. The Exchange also reiterated its intention to aggressively pursue cutting-edge products and services, access new markets and deliver better value to its stakeholders.
Download Here - 2020 Market Recap & 2021 Outlook PDF Report